REL 1310 Exam 1
Terms in this set (79)
Which documents were authoritative for the Christian movement since the beginning?
The Jewish scriptures
Order of the Hebrew canon
What are the earliest New Testament manuscripts?
When was the earliest emergence of New Testament books?
The third century
How and why the biblical text was compiled or edited together
Results of the eating of the forbidden fruit
Adam and Eve are exiled
The serpent must slither on the ground
The man will struggle to work the ground
The woman will suffer in childbirth
The goal of archaeology is to...
Provide information about the lives of ancient peoples
The Babylonian creation epic
Why did God put the man in the Garden of Eden?
To tend to the garden
According to the Old Testament, Hebrews originated from the land of...
The science or art of interpretation
To draw meaning out of a text
Reading meaning into the text
Three contexts of the Bible
Thoughtful engagement with the Bible
Thoughtful engagement with the historical context of the Bible
Formal correspondence translations
Word for word translations
Dynamic equivalent translations
Translates the meaning or idea
Retelling of the Bible stories (The Message)
Comparing manuscripts to determine the earliest reading
Anatomy of the Bible
Canon of the Tanak
Prophets (Historical books and latter prophets)
Canon of the Old Testament
Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible
The formation of the Israel monarchy
Kingdom splits into the North (Israel) and the South (Judah)
Northern kingdom falls to Assyria
Southern kingdom falls to Babylon
Beginning of the exile
Persia conquers Babylon
Allows the exiles to return home
Second temple built
The genealogy that concludes the primeval history introduces which two characters?
Abram and Sarai
Who are the sons of Adam and Eve who were involved in the first murder?
Cain and Abel
What is the term that describes and explanation of something's origins?
The ancient text that contains a flood story that provides important cultural background to the biblical story of Noah
The episode in the primeval history that describes the origins of the world's many nations and languages
The Tower of Babel
What does Pentateuch mean?
Greek for "Five Scrolls"
Promises God makes to Abram
To make Abram a great people
To make Abram's name great
To provide a blessing
Threats to ancestral covenant promise
Sibling rivalry (Jacob and Esau)
Conflicts with the locals
What did Jacob's name change to?
God commands Abraham to sacrifice what?
What happens to Hagar and Ismael?
They are sent away because Sarah becomes jealous
When scholars agree the events in Exodus took place
The divine name YHWH is associated with this Hebrew verb
God promise to send this man with Moses to help him deliver the people of Israel from Egypt's bondage
Sacrifice a lamb and place its blood on their door posts
God commands the Israelites to do this so that the final plague will pass over them
The Lord worked on creation for 6 days and rested on the seventh
According to Exodus 20, the children of Israel should keep the Sabbath because...
Ark of Covenant
chest containing written covenant with God...where Israel can encounter presence of God
Which leader of Israel builds the Jerusalem temple?
Which of Israel's early kings conquered Jerusalem and moved the Ark of the Covenant there as a symbol of YHWH's choice of his monarchical line?
David admits he sinned against God
How does David respond to the prophet Nathan when Nathan confronts him about his adultery and murder?
Saul admits his wrongdoing but still asks that Samuel honor him in the sight of the elders
How does Saul respond to the prophet Samuel when Samuel confronts him about disobeying the Lord?
Two functions of the Pentateuch
1. Introduce origins of Israels unique relationship with God
2. Provide covenant between Israel and God
Code of conduct for a relationship
Who wrote the Pentateuch?
It is anonymous
Two parts of Genesis
1. Primeval History (1-11)
2. Genealogy Cycle
demi-gods, people skilled at killing others, God does not like this human-divine cross
Judgement of Cain and Abel
It will be hard for Cain to farm the land
Curse of Ham and Canaan
Ham sees his father, Noah, unclothed. So now his son, Canaan is cursed (justifies enslavement of Canaanites in Israel)
Where were the Jews taken to exile?
Grace in the tower of Babel story
Introduction of Abram which introduces a blessing not only over the Jews, but over all nations
Belief in multiple gods, but loyal commitment to one god
3. Deliverance from Egypt
How do Jews, Christians, and Islams interpret the almost killing of Isaac
1. Jews: image of martyrdom
2. Christians: image of Jesus' sacrifice in our place...a ram replaces Isaac and Jesus replaces us
3. Islam: representation of submission to God
Isaac and Rebekah give birth to who
Jacob (Israel) and Esau
Names of the midwives who stopped Pharaoh fro killing children
Pulah and Shifrah
an appearance or manifestation of God's presence
Meaning of the name Moses
Give birth or draw out
Reason for the 10 plagues
to prove that God was more powerful than the other Gods of Egypt
Why is plague 10 ironic?
Because Exodus began with Pharaoh killing the firstborn son of all the Hebrews
celebration of God's deliverance of Israel from slavery
2 kinds of Laws (10 commandments)
1. Laws governing worship
2. Laws governing society
tent that is a mobile temple for the people of Israel as they travel
Themes of all the laws
Theme 1: Lex Talionis "law of retaliation" (eye for eye)
Theme 2: Blessings and Curses (obeying brings blessing)
Theme 3: The life of the people of God should reflect the values of their God
Who was the conquest of Canaan led by?
Definition of a judge
Hero-leader called to protect Israel from enemies
Where were the 10 commandments introduced?
Different types of translations of the Bible
1. Formal Correspondence
2. Dynamic Equivalent