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Terms in this set (85)
The systematic study of social interaction at a variety of levels.
A process in which people take each other into account in their own behavior.
The belief that one's culture and way oflife are superior to those of other groups.
the belief that no culture is better than another and that a culture should be judges by its own standards.
the biological characterisitics with which we are born
learned attitudes and behaviors that characterize women and men.
a perception of oneself as either masculine or feminine.
the characterisitcs, attitudes, feelings, and behaviors that society expects of females and males.
expectations about how people will look, act or think and feel based on their sex.
An attitude or behavior that discriminates against one sex, usually females, based on the assumed superiority of the other sex
people's unequal access to wealth, power, status, prestige, and other valued resources because of their sex
gender pay gap
the overall income difference between women and men in the workplace (also called the wage gap, pay gap, and gender wage gap)
any unwanted sexual advance, request for seual behaviors or other conduct of a seual nature that makes a person uncomfortable and interferes with her orhis work.
our awareness of ourselves as male or female and the ways in which we express our sexual values, attitudes, feelings, and beliefs
a preference for sexual partners of the same sex, of the opposite sex, of both sees, or neither sex.
those who are sexually attracted to people of the same sex
those who are sexually attracted to people of the opposite sex
those who are sexually attracted to members of both sexes
those who lack any interest in or desire for sex
those who are trans-sexuals, intersexuals, or transvestites.
specifies the formal or informal norms for legitimate or unacceptable sexual activity, which individuals are eligible sexual partners, and the boundaries of sexual behavior
the belief that heterosexuality is superior to and more natural than homosexuality or bisexuality
the fear and hatred of homosexuality
the expulsion of an embryo or fetus from the uterus
the graphic depiction of images that cause sexual arousal
_____Refers to learned attitudes and behaiors, whereas____ refers to biological characterisitics with which we are born.
Generally,the gender pay gap increases as the leel of of education attainment___.
adhering to a sexual script
Sean, age 16, lies to his frineds about the frequency of his sexual activity and new sexual expoits every week. Sean is____?
Posit that gender inequality and sexuality are socially constructed.
early in life
Gender identity is typically developed____?
According to several studies, 41 percent of the gender wage gap can be explained by:_______
A division of gender roles helps society function smoothly. Which sociological perspective does this statement illustrate?
Gender inequality is built into the social structure, in and out of the home. Which sociological perspective does this statement illustrate?
Sexuality is linked to gender inequality and the control of women's sexual behavior by men. Which sociological perspective does this statement illustrate?
Gender inequality is socially constructed. Which sociological perspective does this statement illustrate?
For social scientists, race is a(n)?
a set of people who identify with a common national origin or culture heritage.
Race refers to _______ characterisitcs; ethnicity refers to _______ characterisitcs.
any physically or culturally distinctie group that has the most economic and political power.
Systematic attempts to destroy members of particular minority groups is called?
refrs to the process of a dominant group absorbing minority groups.
A country experiences ________ when there are no dominant groups because all groups share power and other resources equally.
In_____, minority group members experience unequal treatment and opportunities due to the everyday operations of a society's laws, rules, policies, practices andd customs.
According to the _______hypothesis, the more members of minority groups that you get to know, the less likely you are to be prejudiced against those groups.
Act of 1978
makes it illegal for employers with more than 15 workers to fire, demote, or penalize a pregnant employee
peiple whose medical classification @ birth is not clearly either male or female (this term has replaced hermaphrdites)
people who cross dress @ times but dont necessarily consider themselves a memberr of the other sex.
people born with one biological sex but who choose to lie their life as another sex-either by consistently cross-dressing or by having their sex surgically altered.
View women and men as haing distinct roles that ensure a family's and society's survival.
role a man plays as economic provider.
role a woman plays providing emotional support
the array of competencies such as education, job training, and experience that hae economic value and increase productivity.
Maintain that capitalism, not complementary roles, explain gender roles and men's social and economic advantages.
Believe that gender stratifucation benefits men and capitalism. Emphasize, however, that women's subordination also includes their daily vulnerability to violence.
maintains that gender equality can be achieved through equal rights and opportunities.
contends that patriarchy is the major reason for men's dominance over women, including sexual exploitation.
sometimes referred to as racial ethnic feminism or multiracial feminism--asserts that gender, race, and social class intersect to form a hierarchial stratification system that shapes womens and mens attitudes, behaviors and experiences.
focus on the everyday processes that produce and reinforce gender roles.
For ________ gender is a social creation, and gender inequality is shaped by learning gender roles through daily social interaction.
A group of ppl who share physical characterisitcs, such as skin color and facial features, that are passed on through reproduction.
A group of people who identify with a common national origin or cultural heritage that includes language, geographic roots, food, customs, traditions, and or/religion.
a group of people who have both distinctive physical and cultural characteristics
any physically or culturally distinctive group that has the most economic and political power, the greatest privileges, and the highest social status
A formal system of racial segregation.
A group of ppl who may be subject to differential and unequal treatment because of their physical, cultural, or other characterisitcs, such as gender, sexual orientation, religion, ethnicity, or skin color.
The systematic effort to kill all members ofa particular ethnic, religious, political, racial, or national group.
The physical and social separation of dominant and minority groups.
A set of beliefs that one's own racial group is naturally superior to other groups.
An attitude, positive or negative, toward people becuase of the their group membership
An oversimplified or exxagerated generalization about a category of people.
individuals or groups whom people blame for their own problems or shortcomings.
Any act that treats people unequally or unfairly because of their group membership.
China and Mexico
Today most immigrants to the United States come from which 2 countries?
The overlapping and cumulative effects of inequality due to racism and sexism.
marriage or sexual relations between a man and a woman of different races
What percent of the US population are foreign born?
A societal inention that labels people based on physical appearance.
all weather liberals
Unprejudiced nondiscriminators- not prejudiced and do not discriminate.
"active bigots"-- are prejudiced, and discriminate.
"timid bigots" they are prejudiced but dont discriminate.
Prejudice and discrimination can be dysfunctinal, but they provide benefits for dominat groups and stabilize society. What perspective ?
Powerful groups maintain their advantages and perpetuate racial-ethnic inequality primarily through economic expoitation. What perspective?
Minority women suffer from the combined effects of racism and sexism.
Histile attitudes towards minorities, which are learned, can be reduced through cooperative interracial and interethnic contacts.
overlapping and cumulative effects of inequality due to racism and sexism.
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