26 terms

SS7H2c - Israel Creation

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Zionism
Jewish movement that encouraged Jews to return to that homeland
immigrating
settling into a new country, leaving behind another
Eastern Europe
place where many new Jewish arrivals came from; often denied to be landowners here
kibbutz
farming village whose members own everything in common
drip irrigation
tubes are placed in ground to deliver exact amount of water each plant needs
Israel
this country produces almost all its food
Judaism
religion of Jews; Israel's state religion
Hebrew
official language of Israel
Arabic
second official language of Israel
Declaration of the Establishment
promised that Israel would treat all its inhabitants (but has not been proven true)
Arabs
about 20% of the people in Israel are this ethnic group
Jewish
Jews are _________.
English
required language of both Jewish and Arab schools in Israel
Knesset
Israeli parliament
Palestinian
some are refugees from Israel who fled to the Gaza Strip and West Bank after the 1948 Arab-Israeli War
Israeli women
must serve in military for 2 years
Law of Return
Jews can immigrate to Israel and become citizens
Orthodox Jews
believe Jewish law should strictly help form government policy
Rosh Hashanah
Jewish New Year
Yom Kippur
Day of Atonement (fasting and reflecting on one's sins)
secular
Concerned with worldly rather than spiritual matters
anti-Semitism
hostility or prejudice against Jews/Judaism
Nazi Party
eroded the rights of Jews in Germany
Holocaust
murder of 6 million Jews and deaths of millions of other Europeans
United Nations
voted to divide Palestine into 2 states - Jewish and Arab
pograms
anti-Jewish mob attacks