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Urban History Chapter 1-3 Review
Terms in this set (35)
"Father of Chicago," civilian leader of Fort Dearborn, moneylender and occasional slave trader, fought with Captain John Whistler on whether or not to sell alcohol to the Indians
Jean Baptiste Point DuSable
A fur trader of mixed West African and French ancestry, first settler of Chicago, established a post which was known as the only source of produce in the area
French missionary, discovered Chicago along with Joliet, personified the cultural expansion of Europe as embodied in Christianity (specifically the Roman Catholic Church)
A famous author who uncovered social injustices in his works, wrote The Jungle, which sparked reforms in the meatpacking industry
"Cable Tsar," helped install cable lines in Chicago and expand the Loop, demanded total worker obedience, embezzlement of city funds, hated public figure, popularized corruption
A. Montgomery Ward
first mail order retail company (The Wish Book), connected rural customers to the city, "satisfaction or your money back!," symbol of trust and reliability
refrigerated train cars, commissioned first efficient train car, strong & cooperative with employees (promotions), indoctrinating employees
refrigerated train cars, meatpacking, embalmed beef scandal, disassembly line of hogs, Illinois institute of tech, did not pay employees a liveable wage, kicked out / blacklisted ex-employees, hired a militia
Department store, liberal credit & returns, "customer's always right!," helped with recessions, donated $125 million to Columbian Museum of Chicago (name change!)
New sewer system in Chicago (underground!), raised buildings 14 ft, his plan was used for the reversing of the Chicago river, managers didn't mind him but businessmen did (many lawsuits), Commissioner of Public Works
ushered in a new era with his invention of the reaper, grew his workers from 20 to 128 men, worker relations worsened as company grew
led 80,000 demonstrators up Michigan Avenue in a showing of solidarity, helped organize Haymarket, called for workers to arm themselves, insisted socialism was the only hope, hung for his role in Haymarket, "let the voice of the people be heard"
symbol of the Chicago Fire and permanent feature of the city's culture, scapegoat based on widespread hate of catholics
William B Ogden
first mayor of Chicago
French explorer, discovered Chicago along with Marquette, represented the secular, political, and economic extension of Europe
Sears & Roebuck
known for their mail order catalog, "Consumer's Bible," both got their start with watches
revolutionized advertising, House still standing, treated workers well, shipping goods, refunds / exchanges, stores aimed towards women, test products, purchases on credit, price comparison
known for his luxury sleep car and helping with Chicago's sewage system, hated by workers, hired free slaves and immigrants, dictator of Pullman Town
helped organize Haymarket, promised justice, hung for his role in Haymarket
When was Fort Dearborn Built?
1837 (to 1838)
When was William B. Ogden mayor of Chicago?
When were Marquette and Joliet chosen to lead the expedition?
(May 4th) 1886
When was the Haymarket Riot?
When was Camp Douglas built?
(October 8th - October 10th) 1871
When was the Great Chicago Fire?
In ________, a City Council resolution proclaimed Mrs. O'Leary and her cow innocent, but very little changed
Point DuSable set up his trading post around ________
When was the Battle of Fort Dearborn?
Between 1910 and 1920, a tremendous number of African American workers journeyed to _______________ to escape oppression in the southern United States. As one of the most significant landmarks of the "Great Migration," this South Side neighborhood is shrouded in a glowing, African American cultural allure.
The ______________ neighborhood in Chicago, Illinois, is on the South Side, centered on Cermak and Wentworth Avenues, and is an example of an American ______________, or ethnic-Chinese neighborhood
Site of the Chicago Fire
"Mrs. O'Leary's cow" has attracted the attention and imagination of generations as the cause of the fire
Old Post Office
The __________________________ is a nine-story-tall building in downtown Chicago. The original building was designed by Graham, Anderson, Probst & White and built in 1921, but it was expanded greatly in 1932.
______ __________ is a vibrant area featuring eclectic eateries, shops, theaters and parks.
The________________________ is a commercial building located in the downtown Loop, of Chicago, Illinois, United States. When it opened in 1930, it was the largest building in the world, with 4,000,000 square feet of floor space.
__________________ is a 160 acres (0.65 km2) artificial island in Chicago, Illinois, formed by the North Branch of the Chicago River on the west and the North Branch Canal on the east.