Topic 3: INFORMATION OVERLOAD AND ITS CAUSES

Terms in this set (22)

-Information overload did not exist in the early civilisations of the world because information was sparse.
-Nomadic tribes developed symbols to help with organisation; 10,000 years ago the Calendar was developed to assist with planting of seasonal crops. Nomadic tribes became less transient and turned into civilisations.
-Sumerians and Egyptians used glyphs (a glyph is a graphic symbol that provides the appearance or form for a character) for currency around 6,000 years ago. Egyptians soon afterwards started an alphabet. As a result, were able to complete large engineering tasks.
-Scribes were the only group to write on tablets.
-13th Century: The invention of paper and writing tools (woodblock printing and the pen) facilitated easy documentation of information and lead to an arduous quest for knowledge.
-Invention of the printing press (1436) and establishment of first library (1598) in England. Literacy spread as books were now plentiful and could be acquired by any wealthy person (not
limited to ruling families and the religious).
-Age of the Renaissance (1400s to late 1600s). It was now easier to disseminate scientific, literacy and visual works; and this communication could now be mass‐produced!
-The industrial revolution ‐ spread of technologies that transforms life at home and work in the 18th and 19th century.
-First Copyright laws and encyclopaedias.
-American civil war sparked a demand for news.
-AP (Associated Press) was founded to address the costs involved in collecting news via telegraph.
-Pencils were mass produced with erasers. A portable tool to help more people record information.
-The 1900s were characterised by new media such as media, film and
television. The dominant source of news became mass media.
-1915: start of the modern movie industry with 'The Birth of a Nation".
-1923: Time magazine was first published so that " busy men could stay informed". It was the first publication to summarise and organise news.
• 1945: scientist Vannevar Bush envisioned the memex, capable of organising human knowledge by storing, navigating and annotating information.
-1960s to 1994: The internet was initiated by US, due to government funding.
-1989: The fall of the Berlin wall. Ended the cold war and led to the fall of communism in Europe and Russia. Worldwide balance of power was now towards democracies and free markets, hence
leading to a free flow of information.
-Internet boom and information explosion of the 1990s.
-1991: The internet debut as a public service. New era of work and play, people could work from home, enabled greater business efficiencies and social exchanges.
-1998: Google launched. The search engine used links to determine the importance of web pages. It was named after a play on the word "Googol" - which is a mathematical term for 1 followed by 100 zeroes.
-Data Deluge and Information Overload in the 21st century digital age.
-2004: Facebook launched. Transformed from a' dorm‐room novelty ' to a massive company.
-2005:YouTube launched. Anyone with an internet connection could post a video in minutes for the whole world to watch.
-Twitter launched. "Although Twitter has helped open exchange of information, most users complain that it contributes to rising expectations to keep up with information".
-2011: Mobile phone use for information seeking and communication is increasing, particularly as users can get information they need right away.
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