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Terms in this set (19)
Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation
the Articles denied Congress the power to tax or enforce their laws.
Federal vs State Powers
FED = army and CIA
State = schools and National Guard
Both = tax
The Great Compromise
The name of the compromise between the Virginia Plan and New Jersey Plan giving the government a Senate and House of Representatives.
Debates about Slavery
Which States would be free and which ones would be slave
each slave counts as three-fifths of a person when determining a states' population
Congress can regulate trade between nations, between states, and among Indian tribes.
Powers the Constitution grants or delegates to the national government
Powers which are not "enumerated" (written down, assigned). Given to states.
powers shared by the state and federal governments
"Necessary and Proper" clause
section of the constitution allowing congress to pass all laws necessary and proper
Fundamental liberties ensured by the Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments were proposed by Congress in 1789, at their first session; and, having received the ratification of the legislatures of three-fourths of the several States, they became a part of the Constitution December 15, 1791, and are known as the Bill of Rights.
A system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
Law which doubles prosecution for same crime
Necessary & Proper Clause
clause of the constitution from which the implied powers of congress are derived
Separation of powers
Constitutional authority is shared by three different branches of government
Checks and balances
Methods to balance power
The "Majority Rule"
More than half of the votes
Written mostly by James Maddison several years after the Revolutionary war had ended.
Old fashioned quill with a feather needing a separate inkwell.
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