The Unfinished Nation-Chapter 4
Terms in this set (43)
The Albany Plan
a plan established by the government in order to regulate relationships with the Native Americans. The law was written by Benjamin Franklin and stayed in use until the French and Indian War.
Seven Year's War
a war between the English and French. The victory by the English established their name among the world, yet the struggle for controlling power between them carried over into the New World.
immigrants that had relations and origins of French heritage. The Creoles owned many plantations and took every advantage of slaves that was available.
The Iroquois Confederacy
established between five different Native tribes that consisted of the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, and also the Seneca and Cayuga. They became the biggest Native American power in the mid 17th century.
Queen Anne's War and the Treaty of Utrecht
started in 1701 and lasted for almost more than twelve years finally coming to end in 1713 due to the passing of the Treaty of Utrecht.
King George's War
a war between the English and the Spanish that dealt with trading regulations in Spain.
George Washington and Fort Necessity
is known as the father of America but before he was president he was sent to Ohio valley to stop the French from claiming all of the land. Once George Washington arrived he built a fort that he named necessity where he fought the French until he was forced to surrender.
a fort located in Pittsburgh and was one of the largest outposts for the French during the colonial period.
one to plan out strategies and actions to be taken against the British during the American Revolution.
a draft during the revolutionary war. The commanders would force the colonists into signing up to fight in the war and made farmers give supplies as well as some citizens had to give up their homes to provide a place of comfort to the soldiers.
Jeffrey Amherst and James Wolfe
two generals that are held accountable for the capture of the Fort in Louisburg in 1758. They are also well known for their capturing of Fort Duquesne against George Washington.
Marquis de Montcalm
battle where both Amherst and James Wolf were killed due to a surprise attack from General Wolf during the night.
Battle of Quebec
a battle between the English and the French colonies for the hold of Quebec. This was the first time that their military defenses had been tested and it was time that they made a name for themselves. The French put all effort into defending the hold after the shocking loss of one of their strongest forts to the English.
Peace of Paris 1763
this was the event where the French gave up all of their land to the strongest power nearby respectively. This is one of the greatest events for Great Britain because it put them in a great position of power.
King George III
came into power in the mid eighteenth century and brought bad news with him. He was both stupid and unable to do very much physically as well as he took out the positions of power that had been there so long and replaced them with others that lasted no more than a few years.
blamed for ruining the colonies and was elected Prime Minister by his friend King George III. He was against the idea of the colonists having their own decisions and believed they should follow all commands of Britain like little lapdogs.
the chief of the tribe Ottawa. He led a tribe of his people up north into the Ohio Valley where he decided to hold his spot from the British. The Brit's retreated due to fear of ruining trade in the west.
The Proclamation of 1763
banned settlers from inhabiting any land farther than the mountains.
The Mutiny Act of 1765
an act passed to restrict competition with England by minimizing trade. The waters were also searched thoroughly in order to stop any smugglers from ruining their plan.
The Sugar Act of 1764
an act passed in order to stop smugglers by putting them in front of a jury. This act also raised the tax on sugar and reduced the price of molasses.
The Currency Act of 1764
an act set up by the British parliament stating that paper money in any form was to banned, and made illegal. The British were running low on the coins of silver and gold and decided that this was best for the Americans as well. The colonies were shipping gold and silver back to Britain for Britain felt that this was the only way to balance out the importing and exporting differences. Gold and silver were the only forms of cash that would never lose value.
The Stamp Act of 1765
an act placed by the British Parliament on the American colonies. The act placed a tax on many of the colonies items. The act raised the taxes on many items and was placed in the form of a 'tax stamp' placed on the item itself. The tax met many angry Americans and was not taken very well. Protesters such as the Sons of Liberty were showing demonstrations of anger throughout the whole nation.
The Paxton boys
a group of bandits that went around murdering Native Americans during a riot also known as the Conestoga Massacre. The vigilantes were from Pennsylvania and claimed that the Conestoga natives were providing aid and weaponry to the hostiles and that they were not safe with the Conestoga's around them. More than fifty Paxton boys marched to the Conestoga tribe and slaughtered six, then burned the cabins. The rest of the tribe was placed in protective custody, yet when more than two hundred and fifty Paxton's marched into town, the rest were slaughtered just as before.
first governor of Virginia yet is better known for his major role in the American Revolution. Henry was one of the original founding fathers of America. He is known for pushing the Revolution along with such characters as Thomas Paine. He is also known for his infamous "Give me liberty, or give me death!" speech.
a series of laws to make resolutions of the Stamp Act of 1765 by the Virginia General Assembly. The resolution stated that Virginia was subject to taxation only from a parliamentary that was elected by the Virginian colonists. Due to there being no elected representatives, the only people that could enforce the tax was the Virginia General Assembly.
a man from Massachusetts. He was early set in pushing along the cause of the American Revolution. Otis was the first man to take stand against the British rules on the colonial America. He is known for the saying 'taxation without representation is tyranny'.
Sons of Liberty
a group of revolutionaries that came from the thirteen colonies during the time of Britain's oppressing laws. The sons of liberty were hated by a group called the 'loyalists' that had decided to remain faithful to the homeland of Britain; they were sometimes called the sons of violence. The Sons of Liberty in their most known act, snuck onto a ship dressed as Native Americans and poured out all of the tea in protest to the Tea Act.
a British governor of the state of Massachusetts. He proclaimed himself to be a loyalist in the time of the American Revolution. He wrote the book History of Massachusetts.
The Declaratory Act
a series of resolutions passed by the British Parliament that tried to control and restrict the behavior of the colonies. The series of resolutions said that the colonial parliament had no right to make laws for the colonies in any way.
a British politician who created the Townshend Duties. The Townshend Duties were acts passed by the Parliament of Great Britain that stated that the colonies needed to raise money to pay the judges that would be independent of colonial control to enforce better trading regulations.
the result of a riot between the colonists and the British troops. The British troops were having sticks and stones thrown at them by a crowd of colonists. The fight ended with the troops pulling their guns and firing upon the crowd and taking five of the civilian's lives. This was one of the biggest driving forces in helping to start the revolutionary war.
a politician as well as a philosopher among being one of the founding fathers of America. He helped to write the Articles of Confederation and was also the governor of Massachusetts for a time.
Committee of Correspondence
a committee that was actively dispatched by the local governments of the thirteen colonies during the American Revolution. The committee was to blame for many of the actions that were set up during the revolutionary period between the colonies and the parliament. The committee was also active during the Sons of Liberty.
Virtual and Actual Representation
something that occurred during the early stages of the American Revolution. The colonists resisted taxation upon their items because they were not present during the decision, yet the parliament said that they were represented through assemblies, better known as 'taxation without representation'. Actual representation was what the colonists wanted, with the ability to be present at the time of the decision making.
an event where American colonists chased the ship of someone who was enforcing unpopular trade regulations. The colonists hopped on the ship, looted it, and then torched it, stating their opinion of the regulations.
The Tea Act of 1773
an act imposed by the Parliament of Great Britain stating that a tax would be placed on the teas that would go to his majesty. The acts lead to many revolts such as the Boston tea party by the Sons of Liberty.
Daughters of Liberty
a group of females that wanted to display their affection for America and chose to do so by protesting and boycotting against goods and instead making their own to use.
The Boston Tea Party
a revolt by the American colonists who threw gallons among gallons of tea off of the Boston Harbor in order to riot against the Tea Act.
The Coercive Acts
used to describe a series of laws passed by the British parliament. These laws created much anger and protest within the colonies. Some of the acts said that Massachusetts would be used as an example due to the Boston Tea Party while others dealt with the stamp act.
First Continental Congress
was a convention of delegates from each individual colony of the original thirteen colonies. This convention was called in order to deal with the passing of the coercive acts. The congress decided that an economic boycott would be the best solution to deal with King George.
Britain's last attempt at creating a peaceful establishment with the colonies. This was laid down immediately before the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War.
Lexington and Concord
the first battles of the Revolutionary war. The battles endured on April 19th, 1775 in the Massachusetts Bay. The battles marked the beginning of military conflicts between Great Britain and the American colonies.
William Dawes and Paul Revere
one of the men to alert the colonial minutemen that the British troops were impending upon America and is known for his legendary 'midnight ride'. Paul Revere was also alongside of Dawes during the midnight ride and is known as one of the other messengers during the American Revolutionary war. Revere was also a silversmith and patriot.
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