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Terms from all units


everything about the way a group of people lives

Emotional health

the overall condition of a person's emotions


combined state of physical, psychological, emotional, and social well being


everything about the way one person, a couple, or a family choose to live


the study of nutrients and how they are used by the body

Organic food

a food produced without the use of synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, or growth hormones

Physical health

the overall condition of a person's body

Psychological health

the overall condition of a person's attitudes

Social health

the overall condition of a person's ability to relate to others around them


the application of scientific knowledge for practical purposes such as reaching goals, meeting needs, and solving problems


the process of acquiring and maintaining physical, psychological, emotional, and social health

Amino acid

one of the building blocks of protein molecules


a substance that helps protect your body from cell damage that can lead to health problems


hardened and narrowed arteries caused by plaque deposits


an essential nutrient that is the body's main source of energy; includes sugars and starches


a waxy liquid found in every cell of the body; found in foods from animal sources

Complete protein

a protein that contains all the essential amino acids

Complex carbohydrates

starches; carbohydrates made of many sugars attached together


a state in which the body contains a lower than normal amount of body fluid

Dental caries

tooth decay

Diabetes mellitus

lack of, or inability to use the hormone insulin, which results in the build up of glucose in the bloodstream

Dietary fiber

plant material that cannot be digested


a substance that increases urine production

Essential amino acid

an amino acid that cannot be made by the body and must be supplied by the diet


a nutrient that provides a concentrated source of energy, and helps protect the body from sudden changes in outside temperature

Fat soluble vitamin

a vitamin that dissolves in fats; A,D,E, and K

HDL (High Density Lipoprotein)

picks up cholesterol from around the body and transports it back to the liver for removal from the body


low blood glucose levels

Incomplete protein

a protein that is missing one or more of the essential amino acids

Lactose intolerance

inability to digest lactose

LDL (Low Density Lipoprotein)

carries cholesterol made by the liver to the blood cells


a mineral required in the diet in an amount of 100 milligrams or more per day


a mineral required in the diet in an amount less than 100 mg

Non essential amino acid

an amino acid that can be synthesized by the body


a chemical substance in food that helps to maintain the body


enhancing non-nutrient compounds in plant foods that are active in the body at the cellular level


one of the six basic nutrients composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen; the body uses it for growth and maintenance

Saturated fatty acid

a fatty acid that has no double bonds in its chemical structure and carries a full load of hydrogen atoms; solid at room temperature.

Simple carbohydrates

sugars; carbohydrates made of one or two sugar units

Trans-fatty acid

a fatty acid with an odd molecule shape that forms when oils are partially hydrogenated


a polysaccharide that is the storage form of energy in plants; a complex carbohydrate found in foods such as potatoes, corn, rice, grits, pasta,oatmeal, and cornmeal

Water soluble vitamin

a vitamin that dissolves in water and is not stored in the body; examples include vitamin C or B complex

Unsaturated fatty acid

a fatty acid that has at least one double bond between two carbon atoms in a carbon atom chain and is missing at least two hydrogen atoms; is liquid at room temperature

Anorexia nervosa

a psychological disorder in which one eats very little or refuses to eat

Binge eating disorder

a psychological disorder in which one binges but does not purge or exercise excessively

Bulimia nervosa

a psychological disorder in which one repeatedly binges and then purges

Dietary Guidelines for Americans

a set of guidelines about food choices developed by the US government

Eating disorder

extreme, unhealthy behavior relating to food, eating and weight

Food additive

a substance added to food products that causes desired changes in the products

Food drug interaction

a physical or chemical effect a drug has on a food or a food has on a drug

Genetic engineering

the science of changing the genetic makeup of an organism


a commercial food preservation method that exposes food to gamma rays to increase shelf life and kill harmful microorganisms


USDA's guide for a personalized approach to healthy eating and physical activity; found at

Aerobic activity

physical activity that requires oxygen as it works the heart and lungs

Anabolic steroid

an artificial hormone used to build a more muscular body

Anaerobic activity

an activity in which the muscles are using oxygen faster than the heart and lungs can deliver it


being able to control the muscles and stay upright as one moves his body (see also Coordination)

Body composition

the percentage of different types of tissues in the body, such as fat, muscle, and bone

Carbohydrate loading

a technique used by endurance athletes to trick the muscles into storing glycogen for extra energy

Cardio respiratory endurance

how well the heart and lungs can keep up with physical activity


being able to control the muscles and stay upright as one moves his body


sodium, chloride, and potassium working together to maintain the body's fluid balance


the ability to keep working the muscles without becoming overly tired

Energy balance

the point at which the energy from the food eaten equals the energy used by the body

Fad diets

weight loss plans that are popular for a short time and are often based on misinformation, unusual requirements, and promises of immediate weight loss


nutrients that regulate the body processes or become a part of body tissues


the speed and power of movement during physical activities

Physical activity

the use of muscles to move the body

Physical fitness

a state in which all body systems function together efficiently


physically inactive


power to work the muscles against resistance

Target heart rate

the range of heartbeats per minute at which the heart muscle receives the best workout; 60 to 90 percent of maximum heart rate


the ability to move muscles and joints through a full range of motion


practice of eating a diet consisting entirely or largely of food from plant sources


nutrients that don't provide energy or build body tissue, but help regulate these and other body processes


a collective term used to refer to all the monosaccharides and disaccharides

Body Mass Index (BMI)

a calculation of body weight and height used to define underweight, healthy weight, overweight, and obesity

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