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a food produced without the use of synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, or growth hormones
the application of scientific knowledge for practical purposes such as reaching goals, meeting needs, and solving problems
the process of acquiring and maintaining physical, psychological, emotional, and social health
a substance that helps protect your body from cell damage that can lead to health problems
an essential nutrient that is the body's main source of energy; includes sugars and starches
lack of, or inability to use the hormone insulin, which results in the build up of glucose in the bloodstream
a nutrient that provides a concentrated source of energy, and helps protect the body from sudden changes in outside temperature
HDL (High Density Lipoprotein)
picks up cholesterol from around the body and transports it back to the liver for removal from the body
enhancing non-nutrient compounds in plant foods that are active in the body at the cellular level
one of the six basic nutrients composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen; the body uses it for growth and maintenance
Saturated fatty acid
a fatty acid that has no double bonds in its chemical structure and carries a full load of hydrogen atoms; solid at room temperature.
a fatty acid with an odd molecule shape that forms when oils are partially hydrogenated
a polysaccharide that is the storage form of energy in plants; a complex carbohydrate found in foods such as potatoes, corn, rice, grits, pasta,oatmeal, and cornmeal
Water soluble vitamin
a vitamin that dissolves in water and is not stored in the body; examples include vitamin C or B complex
Unsaturated fatty acid
a fatty acid that has at least one double bond between two carbon atoms in a carbon atom chain and is missing at least two hydrogen atoms; is liquid at room temperature
Binge eating disorder
a psychological disorder in which one binges but does not purge or exercise excessively
Dietary Guidelines for Americans
a set of guidelines about food choices developed by the US government
a commercial food preservation method that exposes food to gamma rays to increase shelf life and kill harmful microorganisms
USDA's guide for a personalized approach to healthy eating and physical activity; found at www.mypyramid.gov
an activity in which the muscles are using oxygen faster than the heart and lungs can deliver it
being able to control the muscles and stay upright as one moves his body (see also Coordination)
the percentage of different types of tissues in the body, such as fat, muscle, and bone
a technique used by endurance athletes to trick the muscles into storing glycogen for extra energy
weight loss plans that are popular for a short time and are often based on misinformation, unusual requirements, and promises of immediate weight loss
Target heart rate
the range of heartbeats per minute at which the heart muscle receives the best workout; 60 to 90 percent of maximum heart rate
nutrients that don't provide energy or build body tissue, but help regulate these and other body processes
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