Unit 3 Vocabulary
Terms in this set (38)
the assumption that people get more votes because a more important election is going on. (if you vote for the president, you might as well vote for rep)
Political Actions Committee - Used to funnel money from multiple people into one larger group, to support a candidate for office. They have the ability to donate as well as run their own ads. Sometimes donate for a cause.
Federal Matching Funds
You have to receive $5k from 20 states in order for the government to match all individual donations that are $250 or less.
A meeting of party officials where they discuss which candidate they will support. (Very localized)
A statewide election where voters cast their vote for their nominee of choice.
A nationwide event where the people vote for their candidate of choice.
Drawing voting boundaries so that one party is supposed to win that area. Where one group has more power than the other.
Redistributing legislative power so that it represents the people
Voters can choose for which party they want, they don't have to be a member of that party.
You have to be registered with the party you vote for
You can vote for both candidates
Incumbents can send mail for free without having to pay for postal services.
When a person votes for the person they hate the least because they dislike both.
An issue where people take different sides on the policy, usually parties are divided because of positional issues.
Ideas that are commonly shared by the American people, like lower taxes, or a better economy, usually very generalized goals.
Federal Elections Campaign Act (1974)
A campaign finance reform for general elections. Tried to limit the amount of hard money that could be given to a candidate, and forced candidates to disclose their financial reports.
Federal Elections Commission
An agency that upholds, creates, and enforces new campaign financial laws.
Buckley VS Valeo (1976)
A Supreme Court Case that said giving unlimited money was not protected by the constitution as a form of free speech, but it allowed candidates to donate unlimited funds to their own campaign.
Money given directly to the candidate
Can donate unlimited money for party-building-activities like buying computers
When states try to hold their primaries earlier so that they get more media attention and thus more money.
"Winner Take All" Primary
Where instead of the delegates splitting up based on the percentage won by each candidate, all of the states delegates go to the winner.
"contested convention" Where the candidate doesn't secure a victory so a vote is held to decide the nominee
A convention where the primaries have decided the nominee.
Bush Vs Gore (2000)
Bush argued that recounting the vote in certain places was unconstitutional and they need to do it over the whole state.
The process of searching through the oppositions background finding moments they can use against him.
McConnell Vs. FEC (2003)
Eventually banned the use of soft money.
Could raise unlimited money because they are corps, influence the candidates more
Organizations that are not controlled by FEC but still follow the same laws of PACs
Banned soft money and made it illegal for corps to take money out of their company to support a candidat
Citizens United VS FEC (2010)
Political spending is a form of free speech and now, individuals have limits on donations but ads can be run by PAC's within 30 days before an election
Drawing legislative boundaries so that they lean towards one party
Person in office
When incumbent get an increase of voters when the run for re elections
Voting about the future
Voting because of the past
Single member Districts
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