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U.S. History Background to the Constitution Test
Terms in this set (44)
Government ruke by a few
Government rule by majority, either direct or representative
Government rule by law, no inherited positions
Government rule by one. Usually inherited position
Government where rule by law, rule by majority, or any type of rule dissapears
Central and state (provinces) government share and balance authority and powers
Central government has direct authority over all subdivisions (states, provinces, counties)
States loosely join together for a common goal, states maintain power over central government
A written plan or framework of government
The government can only do what the people allow it to do
Sharing of powers between state and central government
A loose system of government
Separation of powers
The separation of powers allows the government to separate different types of power to different branches and different people
In this system of government authority rests with the people and they sometime choose representatives, majority rule
In this for of government , similar to a democracy, authority rests in the hands of the people, rule by law, no inherited positions, chosen representatives.
Described in the Declaration of Independence as "...right of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness." This states that there is a set law that government and other individuals cannot interfere with the individual rights of someone else.
Rule by the people
Where are the purposes of the U.S. Constitution found ?
In the preamble
What is the difference between Central and State Government ?
Central government runs The Whole country, a state government just handles state affairs and topics
What are some problems and characteristics of Shays' Rebellion?
-forclousres on farms
-gap between creditors and debtors
And threat of anarachy
Every one of the 13 states had to ratify the Article of Confederation before it became effective
The Articles of Confederation gave most of the important political powers to the National government
After the revolutionary war, the country experienced a ten year period of domestic harmony
Economic issues first motivated Americans to get together to discuss the effectiveness of the Articles of Confederation
As far as Confederation Congress was concerned, the main purpose for a 1787 convention in Philadelphia was to revise the Articles of Confederation
One cause of shays' rebellion was farmer discontent over inability to pay debts to the merchant class of Massachusetts
Shays' rebellion illustrated some of the economic and political weaknesses of the article of confederation
For his role in recording delegate notes and fighting for ratification of the constitution, James Madison is called "father of the constitution"
For his role in presiding over the meeting of delegates in Philadelphia at the constitutional convention, George Washington is called "father of the constituion"
The Articles of Confederation divided the powers of government between the what?
State and national government
The weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation existed because Americans feared ?
Strong national ( central ) government
After the revolutionary war, the national government did what ?
proved too weak to deal with the growing economic and political problems,
A weakness of the national government under the Articles of Confederation was what ?
Did not have all the states represented
Constitutional Conventiom 1787
Meeting of delegates from 12 of 13 states, express purpose was "to revise the Articles of Confederation"
Constitutional government favoring large states, two house legislature, legislative representation based on population
New Jersey plan
Constitutional government favoring small states, one house legislature, equal legislative representation
Constitutional government favoring elements of small states, and large state plan, two house legislature, equal legislative representation in one and proportional representation in the other
Three fifths Compromise
settled the question of counting slaves in the census count upon which legislative representation would be based
Slave trade plan
settled the question of importation of slaves under the new government
citizens who supported the new plan of government calling for strong central government
citizens who were against the new plan of government calling for strong central government
September 17, 1789
on this date 39 delegates formally signed their approval of the plan of government to be known as The Constitution
April 30, 1789
George Washington takes the oath of office as first president under the Constitution
What are the six purposes of the Constitution ?
1. To form a more perfect union
2. Establish justice
3. Ensure domestic tranquility
4. Provide for the common defense
5. Promote general welfare
6. Secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity
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