21 terms

Unit 7 Study Guide

Congress/Legislative Process/Interest Groups
STUDY
PLAY
filibuster
a tactic for delaying or obstructing legislation by making long speeches
cloture
a rule for limiting or ending debate in a deliberative body
bicameral
composed of two legislative bodies
President pro tempore
Officer of the Senate selected by the majority party to act as chair in the absence of the vice president
Speaker of the House
the leader of the majority party who serves as the presiding officer of the House of Representatives
Select committees
Congressional committees appointed for a limited time and purpose.
Impeachment
a formal document charging a public official with misconduct in office
Requirements for House of Representatives
25 years, live in the US for a minimum of 7 years, reside in the state that they are running for
Requirements for Senate
must live in the state they represent, must be at least 30 years old, U.S. citizen for at least 9 years
Majority leader
the Speaker's top assistant whose job is to help plan the majority party's legislative program and to steer important bills through the House
Minority leader
The legislative leader elected by party members holding a minority of seats in the House or the Senate
House Rules Committee
An institution unique to the House of Representatives that reviews all bills (except revenue, budget, and appropriations bills) coming from a House committee before they go to the full House.
riders
amendments to bills, often in the form of appropriations, that sometimes have nothing to do with the intent of the bill itself and many times are considered to be pork barrel legislation
Standing Committee
A permanent committee established in a legislature, usually focusing on a policy area
Joint Committee
A committee of the House and the Senate that usually acts as a study group and reports its findings back to the House and the Senate
Super PAC
Organization set up after Citizens United to engage in independent electioneering. Can receive unlimited donations but cannot coordinate with a candidate. Causing amount of money spent on elections to skyrocket (SuperPacs have spent $85 million so far in Election 2012)
Constituent
a member of a constituency
Lobbyist
representative of an interest group who contacts lawmakers or other government officials directly to influence their policy making
Interest Group
an organization of people sharing a common interest or goal that seeks to influence the making of public policy
House of Representatives
One of the two parts of Congress, considered the "lower house." Representatives are elected directly by the people, with the number of representatives for each state determined by the state's population.
Senate
The upper house of the United States Congress
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