Literary and Figurative Language Terminology PPT Notes
Terms in this set (53)
Time and Place.
Point of View
The voice telling the story.
The voice used when a character in the story functions as a narrator.
(All knowing) and is not a character in the story.
author's way of teling you what kind of people they are
Third person limited
limited access to the information and isn't as common as the other two
The author directly states the character traits; tells you straight out information.
The author shows you information, and you must make your own conclusion. Requires you to infer; this is much more colorful and interesting to read. Uses STEAL
characters who take place in the action but are not the focus of the attention; they play a small role
the protagonist, the antagonist, and the other characters that have a large role in the story
the one in conflict with the hero: opposes the protagonist
characters that undergo an internal change over the course of a story as a result of their experience. Most protagonists are dynamic.
characters that do not undergo any internal change from the story's inception to its conclusion.
The action moves from a problem to a solution.
the overall idea about a passage or text (plot summary). It is closely related to the TOPIC of the passage and may sometimes be stated in the topic sentence especially in shorter passages.
characters and setting and basic information
clue to the main conflict that leads to the climax; reader discovers the main struggle
events leading up to the climax; becomes more complicated
specific events after the climax that leads to the resolution
conflict is resolved
any action or events that take place after the central conflict has been resolved. Not always present.
source of tension in the story
this conflict drives the main idea of the story; it is the conflict between the protagonist and antagonist; shows up in the inciting incident of plot mountain
one in which a character must struggle against some outside force
character vs. character
A conflict in which a character has a problem with another character.
character vs. nature
A conflict in which a character must struggle against a harsh environment or natural disaster
character vs. society
A conflict in which a character faces a problem with a part or the whole of society (e.g. government, tradition, laws)
character vs. fate
A conflict in which a character struggles with a force that seems beyond the character's control.
one in which a character struggles against a force within
human vs. himself
A conflict in which the main character is at odds with an internal problem, such as fear, shyness or guilt.
is usually that message. It can usually be some observation about the human condition -- how the universe treats us, how we treat each other, how we treat ourselves, etc.
author's attitude towards what she is presenting. The attitude can be humorous, ironic, sarcastic, loving or spiteful. The author can be sympathetic towards his characters or scornful of them. The attitude shows up in the way he writes about the events and in the event and setting he chooses.
attitude of the characters towards what is happening. It may be sadness, fear, happiness or one of the many others. In come fiction, the mood may change from hope to despair, courage to fear or vice versa.
general emotional effect of a story or of a scene from a story. It includes the effect of moods and is controlled by the author's tone. Thus, a story may have an atmosphere of gloom or horror, or of joy or bewilderment, just to name a few.
components that make up a work of literature (characters, characterization, conflict, setting, theme, symbolism, point of view, mood, tone and plot)
the reference to a statement, a person or event that is known from literature or history. The most common: The Bible, mythology and Shakespeare.
the feelings evoked by a word
definitions of a word
author gives clues to the reader
reader interprets the clues the author provides
conclusions based on clues - reader makes these
essentially a discrepancy between what happens to be and what really is (appearance and reality)
when inanimate (lifeless) objects are given human quality
a scene that interrupts the present action of the plot to go back and tell what happened earlier
the use of clues of hint at what is going to happen later in the plot
a style of writing that ridicules human weaknesses, vice or folly in order to bring out social reform
an over exaggeration that should not be taken seriously
is something that stands for itself and for something broader than itself as well. may be an object, a person, a situation or a location that suggests or represents a wider meaning. Thing stands for ideas.
words or phrases that appeal to the 5 senses and conjure up mental images; especially in the setting and character development.
indirect comparison that equates two unlike objects. (like or as)
direct comparison that equates two alike objects (indicates that one thing is like another)