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Army History

Study guide for u.s. army board exams. Taken from USARAK study guide.
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What date was the Army flag dedicated?
14 June 1956 (it was approved 12 June 1956)
What is the oldest part of our Army?
The Army National Guard (In December 1636, the Massachusetts Bay Colony organized America's first militia regiments, some of which still serve today in the Army National Guard.)
What did the U.S. Army begin?
June 14, 1775
Who was the first commander in Chief of the Continental Army?
George Washington
When was the start of the Revolutionary War?
19 April, 1775
When was the Declaration of Independence signed?
July 04, 1776
The Army received it's first real training from what former Prussian Officer at Valley Forge in the winter of 1778?
Baron Fredreich von Steuben
What did Baron Fredriech von Steuben teach the Continental Army at Valley Forge?
He taught the Continental Army:A simplified but effective version of the drill formations and movements of European armies. 2)Proper care of equipment3)The use of the bayonet (a weapon in which British superiority had previously been marked). 4)He impressed upon officers their responsibility for taking care of the soldiers
On what date did the Revolutionary War officially end with a signing of a peace treaty in Paris?
03 September 1783
What is the name of the document that originally governed the United States and was later replaced by the "Constitution"?
The Articles of Confederation
The nation nearly doubled in 1803 when it purchased a huge expanse of territory from France in what became known as what?
The Louisiana Purchase
Who was one of the most prolific writers of the early 19th century and would be the author of "The Army Regulations of 1821", the first written regulation by the Army since the publication of Baron von Steubens "Blue Book"?
General Winfield Scott
What were some of the areas covered in "The Army Regulations of 1821".
1)The Hand Salute 2)How to conduct a march 3)How to make a good stew for the company
What is the bloodiest war in American history?
The Civil War with the death of over 600,000 Americans on both sides
When and where did the Civil War actually begin?
The Civil War being in April of 1861 when South Carolina militia forces fired on Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor.
The Union defeat at the First Battle of Bull Run showed the need for more what?
More thorough preparation and for more soldiers.
President Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation on 22 September 1862 freed the slaves in any areas still under Confederate control as of what date?
01 January 1863.
Congress authorized the creation of the Medal of Honor on what date?
12 July 1862.
Who received the first Medal of Honor ever awarded?
Private Jacob Parrott, Company K, 33d OhioVolunteer Infantry on 25 March 1863
The Battle of Gettysburg started on what date?
01 July 1863
General Lee surrendered his Army on what date, marking the end of the Civil War?
09 april, 1865
Who was the only female to receive the Medal of Honor?
Dr. Mary E. Walker
Congress declared war on Spain on what date?
25 april, 1898
When did World War I begin?
August 1914
What event sparked the start of World War I?
A Bosnian separatist murdered the Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary and his wife during a visit to Sarajevo.
On 23 February 1917 the British turned over to the US Government an intercepted note from the German foreign minister to the German ambassador in Mexico. In the note were instructions to offer Mexico an alliance in the event of war with the United States and promising that Mexico could regain what?
Texas, New Mexico and Arizona
On what date did President Wilson ask Congress to declare war on Germany?
02 April, 1917
The Armistice ended the fighting at the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month of 1918. Known for many years as Armistice Day, what is it now called in the United States?
Veteran's Day
One result of WW I was the creation of what International body roughly similar to the United Nations of today?
The League of Nations (it was envisioned as a forum where disputes could be settled peacefully)
National Defense Act of June 4, 1920 governed the organization and regulation of what until 1950?
The Army
On what date did the Japanese attack Pearl Harbor?
07 December 1941
The Women's Army Corps was created in what year?
1943
When was D Day?
06 June 1944
Just after dawn on D Day, the 1st, 4th, and 29th Infantry Divisions assaulted what beaches?
Utah and Omaha
President Truman authorized the use of two atomic bombs against Japan, destroying Hiroshima and Nagasaki on what dates?
Hiroshima - 06 August 1945 Nagasaki - 09 August 1945
The National Security Act of 1947 was a sweeping reorganization of the US military. What did it establish?
Department of Defense - Army - Navy - Air Force
What year marked the start of the Korean War?
1950
In early of what year did President Johnson begin a process of escalation that put 184,000 American troops in South Vietnam by year's end?
1965
What is the longest war in U.S. History?
The Vietnam War
In early of what year did President Johnson begin a process of escalation that put 184,000 American troops in South Vietnam by year's end?
1965
After a U.S. Marine was shot in 1989 in Panama, what Operation was launched?
Operation Just Cause
General H. Norman Schwarzkopf and his Saudi counterpart sent their multinational ground forces across the border into Iraq in what in late February of what year?
1991
On what date did the United States enormous support from the global community, respond to the attacks on September 11th, 2001 with attacks on the al-Qaeda network and the Taliban-controlled government of Afghanistan that was supporting it?
07 October, 2001
With a coalition that included Great Britain, Australia, Poland and 44 other nations, the United States began offensive military operations to remove Saddam Hussein from power and liberate Iraq on what date?
20 March 2003
When was Saddam Husein captured?
13 December 2003