PSY2012: Week 5 Test
Terms in this set (20)
What do patients in the "control group" of an experiment receive?
A placebo that looks like the treatment, but has no effect.
Which of the following research methods allows researchers to determine the causes of behavior?
Statistics are terrible. But, they're also terribly important because they protect scientists and us from:
Modern psychology is best considered to be a:
How do most scientists feel about the ethics of psychological research?
Someone besides the researcher should regulate experiments to ensure ethical treatment of research subjects.
After having collected a bit of hair at a potential bigfoot siting, they send the sample to an independent lab for analysis. The lab sends back a report saying that they are 98% certain that this fur came from a wild boar. "That's right!" the investigators exclaim, "There's a chance this fur came from a bigfoot!" Now, the researchers are falling prey to:
According to the principle _______________, the simplest scientific explanation is often the correct one.
While everyone tends to exhibit _________________, scientists are particularly prone to this because they have special titles (professor, Ph.D.), special equipment, and special knowledge.
The overconfidence bias
Arguably, the most important quality of a scientific mindset is:
One great thing about a ___________ study is that it possesses a lot of __________ validity.
The tendency to see meaning & patterns where none exist is called:
The Bigfoot Field Researchers Organization (BFRO) goes into the woods near Gainesville seeking an elusive—but obviously very real—sasquatch. Over the course of an exhaustive 16 hour investigation, they manage to find a small bit of fur and record a sound, in the woods, at night. The sasquatch, they conclude, is definitely here.
Unfortunately, the members of BFRO are falling prey to:
It is important that psychology is a science because science protects people from:
Which of the following is true of correlation and causation?
Two correlated variables are related, but you cannot tell if one causes the other.
Broad explanations about many findings, called ____________, form the core of scientific thinking.
Dr. Watson wanted to know which gender was better at sharing at the sixth-grade level, so she went to the local middle school to observe lunch periods. This is an example of a(n):
Pseudoscience harms people through:
All of these
Specific, testable predictions known as _______________ form the core of scientific work.
The Stanford Prison Experiment and Stanley Milgram's study on Obedience are both highly influential studies. At the same time, however, they were highly unethical and so have never been repeated. As such, it is impossible to tell if either of these studies possesses:
The _________________ can get in the way of science, but it also sits at the heart of stereotyping, racism, prejudice, and discrimination.