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AP Gov - Chapter 5 - Civil Rights
Government in America - Chapter 5 - Civil Rights
Terms in this set (18)
Policies designed to protect people against arbitrary or discriminatory treatment by government officials or individuals.
Brown v. Board of Education
1954 S.Ct. dec. that school segregation in Topeka Kansas was inherently unconstitutional b/c it violated the 14th Amend. guarantee of equal protection. Marks end of legal segregation in US
Policy designed to give special attention to or compensatory treatment of members of some previously disadvantaged group.
Issue raised when women who hold traditionally female jobs are paid less than men for working at jobs requiring comparable skill
Korematsu v. U.S.
1944 S. Ct. dec. that upheld as constitutional the internment of more than 100,000 Americans of Japanese descent in encampments during World War II.
Constitutional amendment adopted in 1920 that guarantees women the right to vote. See suffrage.
The constitutional amendment adopted in 1870 t extend suffrage to African Americans
The constitutional amendment passed after the Civil War that forbade slavery and involuntary servitude
Civil Rights Act of 1964
The law that made racial discrimination against any group in hotels, motels, and restaurants illegal and forbade many forms of job discrimination. See also civil rights movement and civil rights policies.
equal protection of the laws
Part of the 14th Amendment emphasizing that the laws must provide equivalent "protection" to all people. As one member of Congress said during debate on the Amendment, it should provide "equal protection of life, liberty, and property" to all a state's citizens.
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
A law that requires employers and public facilities to make "reasonable accommodations" for people with disabilities and prohibits discrimination against these individuals in employment.
Small taxes levied on the right to vote, that often fell due at a time of year when poor Afric Amer sharecroppers had the least cash on hand. Method used in Southern states to exclude Afric. Amer from voting registers. Declared void by the 24th Amend in 1964.
Plessy v. Ferguson
An 1896 S. Ct. decision that provided a constitutional justification for segregation by ruling that a Louisiana law requiring "equal but separate accommodations for the white and colored races" was not unconstitutional.
Regents of the University of Calif. v. Bakke
1978 S. Ct. decision holding that a state university could not admit less qualified individuals solely because of their race. The Court did not, however, rule that such affirmative action policies and the use of race as a criterion for admission were unconstitutional, only that they had to be formulated differently.
Voting Rights Act of 1965
A law designed to help end formal and informal barriers to Afric Amer suffrage. Under the law, federal registrars were sent to Southern states and counties that had long histories of discrimination; as a result, hundreds of thousands of Afri Amer were registered and the number of AfriAmer elected officials increased dramatically.
civil rights act of 1950
first civil rights legislation- equal rights in public places
Declares that all persons born in the U.S. are citizens and are guaranteed equal protection of the laws
Jim Crow laws
Limited rights of blacks. Literacy tests, grandfather clauses and poll taxes limited black voting rights
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