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34 terms

Chem 102 FInal (1)

STUDY
PLAY
addition of hydrogen to an organic compound or the loss of ozygen
Reduction
the dehydration product of CH3CH2CH2OH in the presence of acid is
propene
when a primary alcohol is completely oxidized, the product is
a carboxylic acid
thiols can be gently oxidized to
disulfides
how many isomers does C3H6O have?
two
in the IUPAC naming system, a ketone is named by replacing the -e in the corresponding alkane name with
one
the compound 2-propanone is also known as
dimethyl ketone
acetone is a ketone commonly used as a
solvent
the oxygen atom in a crbonyl group is _______ the carbon atom
more electronegative than
which of the folowing would not be water soluble: propanal, formaldehyde, 3-heptanone, acetone, 2-butanone
3-heptanon
the hydrogenation of 2-methylpropanal gives the product
2-methyl-1-propanol
how many different substituents are required on a carbon atom for it to be chiral
4
HOW DO SUGARS FORM CYCLIC HEMIACETALS
a molecule of sugar reacts with itself
a carbohydrate that gives two molecules when it is completely hydrolyzed is known as a
disaccharide
a monosaccharide that consists of 5 carbon atoms, one of which is in a ketone group, is classified as a(n)
ketopentose
one difference between D-Glucose and L-glucose is
only D-glucose is found in disaccharides and polysaccharides
the sugar also known as dextrose and blood sugar is
glucose
a glycosidic bond between two monosaccharides can also be classified as a(n)
esther bond
which of the folowing contains a B-1,4-glycosidic bond: lactose, galactose, maltose, amylose, sucrose
lactose
which sugar is not a reducing sugar: fructose, glucose, galactose, sucrose, maltose
sucrose
Maltose is a
disaccharide
Galactose is a product of enzymatic hydrolysis of
lactose
fructose does not undergo hydrolysis becasue it is a
monosaccharide
amylose is a form of starch which has
only alpha-1,4-links bonds glucose units
which of the following contains alpha-1,6-branches: glycogen, cellulose, maltose, sucrose, amylose
glycogen
under acid hydrolysis conditions, starch is eventually converted to
glucose
which of the following is found in vinegar: acetic acid, formic acid, butyric acid, propanoic acid, nitric acid
acetic acid
a carboxylic acid is prepared from an aldehyde by
oxidation
in water solutions, how does dilute acetic acid behave
as a weak acid
the alcohol and carbozylic acid required to form propyl ethanoate are
1-propanol and ethanoic acid
THE REDUCTION OF AN ESTER WITH NaOH IS KNOWN AS
saponification
when compared to sulfuric acid, how strong are carboxylic acids (just as strong, stronger, weaker, not acidic at all)
stronger
what happens to water solubility as chain lenghth increases in carboxylic acids
decreases
which of these functional groups is likely to give a sour taste to food: ester, thiol, ether, carboxylic acid, ketone
carboxylic acid