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govt quiz 2
Terms in this set (95)
How was political power in the Continental Congress divided under the Articles of Confederation?
Each state had an equal vote
According to the Preamble of the U.S. Constitution, which of the following is one of the purposes of government?
to promote justice and secure the "blessings of liberty"
A ________ is a system of government in which member states retain almost all of their sovereign authority and delegate limited powers to a weak central body
Only one-third of the Senate is up for reelection during any single election year because the framers believed that
this was a way to make the Senate resistant to popular pressure
The Antifederalists argued that the powers of the national government should be limited by
adding a bill of rights to the Constitution
Under the Articles of Confederation, it was left to the ________ to execute laws passed by the Continental Congress.
Thomas Jefferson, the primary draftsman of the Declaration of Independence, was appointed to the Committee of Five along with John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman, and
The Federalists believed that the powers of government could be limited by
creating an internal system of checks and controls within government
The framers of the U.S. Constitution intended to create a presidency capable of
Withstanding excessive democratic popular pressure by making it subject to indirect election through the electoral college
The issue of representation, which threatened to cause the Philadelphia Convention to fail, was resolved by the
Federalists believed that the most apparent source of tyranny was
The Articles of Confederation were concerned primarily with
Limiting powers of the central government
Procedures for amending the Constitution are found in Article
The Boston Tea Party was largely a response to the
British government's decision to grant the East India Company a monopoly on the export of tea from Britain.
What is true about the U.S. constitution
The Constitution can be amended with a two-thirds majority vote of both houses of Congress and a ratification vote by three-fourths of the states
In order to signify that the enumerated powers were meant to be a source of strength to the national government and not a limitation on it, the framers of the Constitution
Included the elastic clause in the Constitution
The power of judicial review was
Asserted by the court in the case of Marbury v. Madison
During the national debate over ratification of the new Constitution, the Federalists
supported the Constitution and preferred a strong national government
Which of the following statements about the House of Representatives and the Senate is true?
The House has the power to originate revenue bills while the Senate does not
Which of the following statements best summarizes the Federalists' view on representation?
Representatives need not be a "true picture of the people," and the best system of representation allows citizens to elect individuals possessing ability, experience, and talent superior to their own.
Boston Massacre occurred when
Five colonists were killed by British soldiers outside of the seat of the colonial government in boston
The events that led to the Revolutionary War were triggered by which of the following?
The british raised revenue by increasing the tax rate of the colonies
The president's power to veto a bill passed by Congress is a good example of
Checks and balances
What does the supremacy clause assert?
The constitution and all laws made under it are superior to any state laws
Which of the following is true of the Annapolis Convention?
Delegates from five states attended
The system of shared powers, divided between a central government and the state governments, is called
According to Article II of the U.S. Constitution, the president has the power to
Officially recognize other nations
Which of the following possesses the sole power to create revenue bills?
The House of Representative
________ defended the British soldiers involved in the Boston Massacre.
Under the Articles of Confederation
The armed forces of the United States consisted of state militias
Successful amendments to the Constitution
Are most commonly concerned with the structure or composition of the government
Direct election of senators was instituted with the
Passage of the seventeenth amendment in 1913
A ________ vote by both houses of Congress and a ratification vote of ________ of the states are required to amend the U.S. Constitution.
The Articles of Confederation were adopted in
Shays's Rebellion was an attempt to
Prevent the state of massachusetts from foreclosing on the lands of debt-ridden farmers
The Three-Fifths Compromise
Determined that tree out of every five slaves would be counted for purposes of representation and taxation
What led British officials to raise taxes on the American colonists during the 1760s?
A deficit that was incurred as a result of the French and Indian war
The expressed powers of Congress are listed in ________ of the U.S. Constitution.
Article I, section 8
The "comity" provision of Article IV of the Constitution was designed to promote national unity by
Prohibiting state governments from discriminating against citizens of other states in favor of their own citizens
How did the American victory in the Revolutionary War change the balance of political power in the new states?
Royal land, office, and patent holders were significantly weakened, and pre-revolutionary radicals became the controlling forces in many state legislatures
Which two constitutional provisions have been at the heart of constitutional struggles between federal and state powers throughout American history?
The elastic clause and the Tenth Amendment
The electoral college is
Designed to select the president of the United States
During the Philadelphia Convention, the New Jersey Plan was supported by ________ states.
The Stamp Act was a
Tax on commerce
Who orchestrated the Boston Tea Party?
Under the Articles of Confederation, the relationship between the states and the federal government can best be compared to
The United Nations' relationship with member states
Colonial protesters of the Stamp Act and the Sugar Act rallied around which slogan?
"No taxation without representation"
Why was the Declaration of Independence a remarkable philosophical statement for its time?
It asserted that there were "unalienable rights" that could not be abridged by governments
During the ratification debates, who were the Federalists?
Those who supported the Constitution because it contained a strong national government
The Virginia Plan proposed a system of representation in the national legislature that was based upon
The population of each state or the proportion of each state's revenue contribution, or both
At the Philadelphia Convention, the proposed plan to create a Congress where representation was distributed according to population was called the ________ Plan.
The Constitution expressly grants which of the following powers to Congress?
To regulate interstate commerce
On the subject of representation, Antifederalists wanted
Representative bodies that resembled those represented to the highest degree
Which statement about amendments to the Constitution is most accurate?
One amendment to the Constitution has been successfully repealed
Which of the following statements best describes British rule of the American colonies during the first half of the eighteenth century?
The British ruled with a light hand and exerted a strong influence only in the largest colonial cities
The United States' first written constitution was called the
Articles of Confederation
The framers designed the Senate to be a check against excessive democracy by doing which of the following?
Senators were originally appointed by state legislatures
Which of the following statements about national defense under the Articles of Confederation is FALSE?
The president served as commander in chief of the nation's armed forces
The First Continental Congress was
A group of colonial delegates assembled in 1774 that called for a total boycott of all British goods
Which of the following is true about the U.S. Constitution?
The constitution can be amended with a two-thirds majority vote of both houses of Congress and a ratification vote by three-fourths of the states
Brutus and the Federal Farmer were two pseudonyms used by the
Who were the authors of the Federalist Papers?
James Madison, John Jay, and Alexander Hamilton
According to the Preamble of the U.S. Constitution, which of the following is one of the purposes of government?
To promote justice and secure the "blessings of liberty"
The writing of the Constitution demonstrates the
Marriage of interests and principles
The most important political value for the framers of the Constitution was
Which state did NOT send delegates to the convention in Philadelphia?
Which of the following sectional interests was considered unimportant in the politics of the colonial period?
The framers employed the separation of powers and federalism in order to
Prevent the new government from abusing its power
Why did states like Delaware, Connecticut, and New York oppose the Virginia Plan?
They feared that large states would dominate the new government if representation were to be determined by population as stipulated by the Virginia Plan
Under the Articles of Confederation the
Continental Congress had no power to lay taxes
What did the New Jersey Plan propose for Congress?
Representation would be equal for each state
Shays's Rebellion was significant because it
Convinced many observers that the government under the Articles of Confederation had become dangerously inefficient and indecisive
What was the purpose of the Annapolis Convention?
To discuss revamping the Articles of Confederation
The Land Ordinance of 1785 was significant because it
Established the principles of land surveying and land ownership that governed America's westward expansion
James Madison believed that the greatest conflict of interests in the Philadelphia Convention was between ________ and ________.
Northern states; southern states
There are ____ amendments to the U.S. Constitution.
During the ratification debates, who were the Antifederalists?
Those who opposed the new Constitution because they wanted a weaker central government
Which of the following was a ramification of the Three-Fifths Compromise?
It allowed for a political agreement between the North and the South
Why was the Declaration of Independence a remarkable political statement for its time?
It helped unify colonial groups that were divided along economic, regional, and philosophical lines by identifying shared problems, grievances, and principles
The most common method of passing an amendment to the Constitution is passage
In both houses of congress by a two-thirds vote, followed by a majority vote in three-fourths of the state legislature
In order to win concessions from large states at the Philadelphia Convention, representatives from smaller states such as Delaware threatened to
Form alliances with foreign nations
Compared with the Articles of Confederation, federalism under the Constitution has led to
Greater centralization of power
Judicial review is the power of
The courts to decide on the constitutionality of actions taken by the other branches of government
What was the most common form of taxation during the colonial era?
Taxes on commercial products and activities
Which of the following statements best describes the motivations of the Founders in writing the U.S. Constitution?
The primary goal was to devise a system consistent with the dominant philosophical and moral principles of the day while also promoting commerce and protecting private property from radical state legislatures
The Federalists believed that the most apparent source of tyranny was
The popular majority
The 1787 convention to draft a new constitution was held in
According to historian Charles Beard, the framers of the Constitution were mostly concerned with
Promoting their own economic interests
In order for the Constitution to be formally adopted, ____ of the ____ states in the Union had to agree to its terms.
What is the term length of a federal judge?
Barring impeachment, life
Montesquieu called ________ the principle of giving each branch of government its own constituency.
A mixed regime
The decision to give the national government control over interstate commerce and finance was motivated primarily by the framers' desire to
Promote economic development and protect property from radical state legislatures
Which office did the framers design to be directly elected by the people?
A U.S. representative
Bicameralism is a constitutional principle that means the division of
Congress into two chambers
Daniel Shays was
A former army captain that led a mob of farmers in a rebellion against the Massachusetts government
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