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Medical Coding

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Ablation
removal of a part, pathway, or function by surgery, chemical destruction, electrocautery, freezing, or radiofrequency (RF)
Abortion
termination of pregnancy
Absence
without
Actinotherapy
treatment of acne using ultraviolet rays
Adenoidectomy
removal of adenoids
Adipose
fatty
Adrenals
glands located at the top of the kidneys that produce steroid hormones
Albinism
lack of color pigment
Allograft
aka homograft, same species graft
Alopecia
condition in which hair falls out
Aminocentesis
percutaneous aspiration of amniotic fluid
Amniotic sac
sac containing the fetus and amniotic fluid
A-mode
one dimensional ultrasonic display reflecting the time it takes a sound way to reach a structure and reflect back, maps the structures outline
Anastomosis
surgical connection of two tubular structures such as two pieces of intestine
Aneurysm
abnormal dilation of vessels, usually an artery
Angina
sudden pain
Angiography
radiography of the blood vessels
Angioplasty
procedure in a vessel to dilate the vessel opening
Anhidrosis
deficiency of sweat
Anomaloscope
instrument used to test color vision
Anoscopy
procedure that uses a scope to examine the anus
Antepartum
before childbirth
Anterior(ventral)
in front of
Anterior Segment
those parts of the eye in front of and including the lens,orbit,extraocular muscles, and eyelid
Anteroposterior
from front to back
Antigen
a substance that produces a specific response
Aortography
radiographic recording of the aorta
Apex Cardiography
recording of the movement of the chest wall
Aphakia
absence of the lens of the eye
Apicectomy
excision of a portion of the temporal bone
Apnea
cessation of breathing
Arthocentesis
injection and/or aspiration of joint
Arthrodesis
surgical immobilization of joint
Arthrography
radiography of joint
Arthroplasty
reshaping or reconstruction of joint
Arthroscopy
use of scope to view inside joint
Arthrotomy
incision into a joint
Articular
pertains to joint
Asphyxia
lack of oxygen
Aspiration
use of a needle and a syringe to withdraw fluid
Assignment
Medicare's payment for the service, which participating physicians agree to accept as payment in full
Asthma
shortage of breath caused by contraction of bronchi
Astigmatism
condition in which the refractive surfaces of the eye are unequal
Atelectasis
incomplete expansion of lung, collapse
Atherectomy
removal of plaque by percutaneous method
Atrophy
wasting away
Audiometry
hearing test
Aural Atresia
congenital absence of the external auditory canal
Auscultation
listening to sounds within the body
Autograft
from patient's own body
Avulsion
ripping or tearing away of part either surgically or accidentally
Axillary nodes
lymph nodes located in the armpit
Bacilli
plural of bacillus, a rod shaped bacterium
Barium enema
radiographic contrast medium
Beneficiary
person who benefits form health or life insurance
Bifocal
two focuses in eyeglass, one usually for close work and the other for improvement of distance vision
Bilaminate skin
skin substitute usually made of silicone- covered nylon mesh
Bilateral
occurring on two sides
Biliary
refers to gallbladder, bile, or bile duct
Bilobectomy
surgical removal of two lobes of a lung
Biofeedback
process of giving a person self-information
Biometry
applcation of a statistical measure to a biologic fact
Biopsy
removal of a small piece of living tissue for diagnostic purposes
Block
frozen piece of a sample
Brachytherapy
therapy using radioactive sources that are placed inside the body
Bronchiole
smaller division of bronchial tree
Bronchography
radiographic recording of lungs
Bronchoplasty
surgical repair of the bronchi
Bronchoscopy
inspection of the bronchial tree using a bronchoscope
B-scan
two dimensional display of tissues and organs
Bulbcavernosus
muscle that constricts the vagina in a female and the uretha in a male
Bulbourethral
gland with duct leading to the urethra
Bundle of His
muscular cardiac fibers that provide the heart rhythm to the ventricles; blockage of this rhythm produces heart block
Bundled codes
one code that represents a package of services
Bunion
hallux valgus, abnormal increase in size of metatarsal head that results in displacement of the great toe
Burr
drill used to create an entry into the cranium
Bursa
fluid filled sac that absorbs friction
Hypoxia
Low level of oxygen in the tissue
Hysterectomy
surgical removal of the uterus
Hysterorrhaphy
suturing of the uterus
Hysterosalpingography
x-ray imaging of the uterus and fallopian tubes after injection of contrast material
Hysteroscopy
visual examination of the uterus and uterine lining using an endoscope inserted through the vagina
Ichthyosis
a skin condition caused by a gene defect that results in dry, thick, scaly skin
Ielostomy
Artificial opening between the ileum and the abdominal wall
Ilium
Portion of hip
Imbrication
Overlapping
Immunotherapy
therapy designed to produce immunity to a disease or to enhance resistance by the immune system
Incarcerated
regarding hernias, a constricted, irreducible hernia that may cause obstruction of an intestine
Incise
To cut into
Health Maintenence Organization
HMO, a healthcare delivery system in which an enrollee is assigned a primary care physician who manages all the healthcare needs of an enrollee
Hematoma
Mass of blood that forms outside the vessel
Hemodialysis
Cleansing of the blood outside of the body
Hemolysis
Breakdown of red blood cells
Hemoptysis
Bloody sputum, coughing up blood from the respiratory tract
Hepatography
radioactive examination of the liver
Hernia
Organ or tissue protruding through the wall or cavity that usually contains it
Histology
The study of the structure of tissues and cells
Homografts
Temporary graft, usually tissue from disease-free cadavers
Hormone
the secretion of an endocrine gland that is transmitted by the blood to the tissue on which it has a specific effect
Hydrocele
Sac of fluid
Hypereopia
Farsightedness, eyeball is too short from front to back
Hypogastric
Lowest middle abdominal region
Hyposensitization
Decreased sensitivity
Hypothermia
Low body temperature; sometimes induced during medical procedures
Hypoxemia
Low level of oxygen in the blood
Bursitis
inflammation of the bursa
Bypass
to go around
Calcaneal
pertaining to the heel bone
Calculus
concretion of mineral salts also called stone
Calycoplasty
surgical reconstruction of a recess of the renal pelvis
Calyx
recess of the renal pelvis
Cancellous
Lattice type structure usually bone
Cardiopulmonary
refers to the heart and lungs
Cardiopulmonary bypass
blood bypasses the heart through a heart lung machine
Cardioversion
electrical shock to the heart to restore normal rhythm
Cardioverter-Defibrillator
surgically place device that directs an electrical shock to the heart to restore rhythm
Carotid Body
located on each side of the common carotid artery, often site of tumor.
Cartilage
connective tissue
Cataract
opaque covering on or in the lens
Catheter
tube placed into the body to put fluid in or take fluid out
Caudal
same as inferior; away from the head, or the lower part of the body
Causalgia
burning pain
Cauterization
destruction of tissue by the use of cautery
Cavernosa
connection between the cavity of the penis and a vein
Cavernosography
radiographic recording of a cavity ex the pulmonary cavity of the main part of the penis
Cavernosometry
measurement of the pressure in a cavity ex penis
Central nervous system
Brain and spinal cord
Cervical
pertaining to the neck or to the cervix of the uterus
Cervix uteri
rounded cone shaped neck of the uterus
Cesarean
surgical opening through abdominal wall for delivery
Cholangiography
radiographic recording of the bile ducts
Cholangiopancreatography
ERCP. radiographic recording of the biliary system or pancreas
Cholecystectomy
surgical removal of the gallbladder
Cholecystoenterostomy
creation of a connection between the gallbladder and intestine
Cholecystography
radiographic recording of the gallbladder
Cholesteatoma
tumor that forms in middle ear
chondral
referring to the cartilage
Chordee
condition resulting in the penis being bent downward
chorionic villus sampling
CVS, biopsy of the outermost part of the placenta
Circumflex
a coronary artery that circles the heart
Cloquet's node
also called a gland; it is the highest of the deep groin lymph nodes
Closed fracture repair
not surgically opened with/without manipulation and with/without traction
Closed Treatment
fracture site that is not surgically opened and visualized
Coccyx
caudal extremity of vertebral column
Collagen
protein substance of skin
Colles' fracture
fracture at lower end of radius that displaces the bone posteriorly
Colonoscopy
Fiberscopic examination of the entire colon that may include part of the terminal ileum
Colostomy
artifical opening between the colon and the abdominal wall
Component
Part
Computed axial tomography
CAT or CT procedure by which selected planes of tissue are pinpointed through computer enhancement and images may be reconstructed by analysis of variance in absorption of the tissue
Conjunctiva
the lining of the eyelids and the covering of the sclera
Contraction
drawn together
contralateral
opposite side
Cordectomy
surgical removal of the vocal cords
Codrocentesis
procedure to obtain a fetal blood sample
Corneosclera
cornea and sclera of the eye
Corpectomy
removal of vertebrae
Corpora Cavernosa
the two cavities of the penis
Crackle
abnormal sound when breathing
Corpus uteri
uterus
Craniectomy
permanent partial removal of skull
Craniotomy
opening of the skull
Cranium
That part of the skeleton that encloses the brain
Curettage
scraping of a cavity using a spoon shaped instrutment
Cutette
spoon shaped instrument used to scrape a cavity
Cutdown
incision into a vessel for placement of a catheter
Cyanosis
Bluish discoloration
Cystocele
heriniation of the bladder into the vagina
Cystography
radiographic recording of the urinary bladder
Cystolithectomy
removal of a calculus (stone) from the urinary bladder
Cystometrogram
CMG, measurement of the pressure and capacity of the urinary bladder
Cystoplasty
surgical reconstruction of the bladder
Cystorrhaphy
suture of the bladder
Cystoscopy
use of a scope to view the bladder
Cystostomy
surgical creation of an opening into the bladder
Cystourethroplasty
surgical reconstruction of the bladder and urethra
Cystourethroscopy
use of a scope to view the bladder and urethra
Dacryocystography
radiographic recording of the lacrimal sac or tear duct sac
Debridement
narrowing of the lacrimal duct
Deductible
amount the patient is liable for before the payer begins to pay for covered services
Delayed flap
pedicle of skin with blood supply that is seperated from origin over time
Delivery
childbirth
Dermabraision
planing of the skin by means of sander, brush, or sandpaper
Dermatologist
physician who treats conditions of the skin
Dermatoplasty
surgical repair of skin
Dialysis
filtration of blood
Dilation
expansion
Discectomy
removal of vertebral disc
Discography
radiographic recording of inter vertebral joint
Dislocation
placement in a location other than the original location
Distal
farther from the point of attachment or orgin
Diverticulum
protrusion in the wall of an organ
Doppler
ultrasonic measure of blood movement
Dosimetry
scientific calculation of radiation emitted from various radioactive sources
Drainage
free flow or withdrawal of fluids from a wound or cavity
Duodenography
radiographic recording of the duodenum or first part of the small intestine
Dysphagia
difficulty swallowing
Dysphonia
speech impairment
Dyspnea
shortness of breath difficult breathing
Dysuria
painful uriniation
Echocardiography
radiographic recording of the heart or heart walls or surrounding tissues
Echoencephalography
ultrasound of the brain
Echography
ultrasound procedure in which sound waves are bounced off an internal organ and the resulting image is recorded
Ectopic
pregnancy outside the uterus
Edema
swelling due to abnormal fluid collection in the tissue spaces
Elective surgery
nonemergency procedure
Electrocardiogram
ECG, written record of the electrical action of the heart
Electrocautery
cauterization by means of heated instrument
Electrocholeography
test to measure the eighth cranial nerve
Electrode
lead attached to a generator that carries electrical current from the generator to the atria or ventricles
Electroencephalogram
EEG, written record of the electrical action of the brain
Electromyogram
EMG, written record of the electrical activity of the skeletal muscles
Electronic claim submission
claims prepared and submitted via a computer
Electronic signature
identification system of a computer
Electro-oculogram
EOG, written record of the electrical activity of the eye
Electrophysiology
study of the electrical system of the heart, including the study of arrhythmias
Embolectomy
removal of blockage from vessel
Encephalography
Radiographic recording of the subarachnoid space and ventricles of the brain
Endarterectomy
incision into an artery to remove the inner lining so as to eliminate disease or blockage
Endomyocardial
pertaining to the inner and middle layers of the heart
Endopyelotomy
procedure involving the bladder and ureters including the insertion of a stent into the renal pelvis
Endoscopy
inspection of body organs or cavities using a lighted scope that may be inserted through an existing opening or through a small incision
Enterolysis
releasing of adhesions of intestine
Enucleation
removal of an organ or organs from a body cavity
Epicaridal
over the heart
Epidermolysis
loosening of the epidermis
Epidermomycosis
superficial fungal infection
Epididymectomy
surgical removal of the epididymis
Epididymography
radiographic recording of the epididymis (part of the male reproductive system)
Epididymovasostomy
creation of a new connection between the vas deferens and epididymis
Epiglottidectomy
excision of the covering of the larynx
Epistaxis
nose bleed
Epithelium
surface covering of internal and external organs of the body
Erythema
redness of skin
Escharotomy
surgical incision into necrotic tissue
Eventration
protrusion of the bowel through an opening in the abdomen
Evisceration
pulling the viscera outside the body through an incision
Exophthalmos
protrusion of the eyeball
Exostosis
bony growth
Exstrophy
condition in which an organ is turned inside out
Extracorporeal
occuring outside the body
False aneurysm
sac of clotted blood that has completely destroyed the vessel and is being contained by the tissue that surrounds the vessel
Fascietomy
removal of a band of fibrous tissue
Fee schedule
services and payment allowed for each service
Femoral
pertaining to the bone from the pelvis to knee
Fenestration
creation of a new opening in the inner wall of the middle ear
Fissure
cleft or groove
Fistula
abnormal opening from one area to another area or to the outside of the body
Fluoroscopy
procedure for viewing the interior of the body using x-rays and projecting the image onto a television screen
Fracture
break in a bone
Free full thickness graft
graft of epidermis and dermis that is completely removed from donor area
Fulguration
use of electrical current to destroy tissue
Fundoplasty
repair of the bottom of the bladder
Furuncle
nodule in the skin caused by staphylococci entering through hair follicle
Ganglion
knot
Gastrointestinal
pertaining to the stomach and intestine
Gastroplasty
operation on the stomach for repair or reconfiguration
Gastrostomy
artificial opening between the stomach and the abdominal wall
Gatekeeper
a physician who manages a patients access to health care
Glaucoma
eye disease that are characterized by an increase of intra ocular pressure
Globe
Eyeball
Glottis
true vocal cords
Gonioscopy
use of a scope to examine the angles of the eye
Group practice model
an organization of physicians who contract with a HMO to provide services to the enrollees of HMO
Grouper
computer used to input the principal diagnosis and other critical information about a patient and then provide the correct DRG code
Individual practice association
IPA, an organization of physicans who provide services for a set fee.
Inferior
away from head or the lower part of the body
Inguinofemoral (Inofemoral)
referring to the groin and thigh
Internal/external fixation
application of pins, wires, and/or screws placed externally or internally to immobilize a body part
Intracardiac
inside the heart
Intramural
within the organ wall
Intramuscular
into a muscle
intraurterine
inside the uterus
Intravenous
into a vein
Intravenous pyelography
IVP, radiographic recording of the urinary system
Introitus
opening or entrance to the vagina from the uterus
Intubation
insertion of a tube
Intussusception
slipping of one part of the intestine into another part
Invasive
entering the body breaking the skin
Iontophoresis
introduction of ions into the body
Ischemia
deficient blood supply due to obstruction of the circulatory system
Island pedicle flap
contains a single artery and vein that remains attached to origin temporarily or permanently
Isthmus
connection of two regions or structures
Isthmus, thyroid
tissue connection between right and left thyroid lobes
Isthmesectomy
surgical removal of the isthmus
Jejunostomy
artificial opening between the jejunum and the abdominal wall
Jugular nodes
lymph nodes located next to the large vein in the neck
Keratomalacia
softening of the cornea associated with a deficiency of vitamin A
Keratoplasty
surgical repair of the cornea
Kock pouch
surgical creation of a urinary bladder from a segment of the ileum
Kyphosis
humpback
Labyrinth
inner connecting cavities such as the internal ear
Labyrinthitis
inner ear inflammation
Lacrimal
related to tears
Lamina
flat plate
Laminectomy
surgical excision of the lamina
Laproscopy
exploration of the abdomen and pelvic cavities using a scope placed through a small incision into the abdominal wall
Laryngeal web
congenital abnormality of connective tissue between the vocal cords
Laryngectomy
surgical removal of the larynx
Laryngography
radiographic recording of the larynx
Laryngoplasty
surgical repair of the larynx
Laryngoscope
fiberoptic scope used to view the inside of the larynx
Laryngoscopy
direct visualization and examination of the interior of larynx with a laryngoscope
Laryngotomy
incision into the larynx
Lateral
away from the midline of the body
Lavage
washing out
Leukoderma
depigmentation of skin
Leukoplakia
white patch on mucous membrane
Ligament
fibrous band of tissue that connects cartilage or bone
Ligation
binding or tying off as in constricting the blood flow of a vessel or binding fallopian tubes for sterilization
Lipocyte
fat cell
Lipoma
fatty tumor
Lithotomy
incision into an organ or a duct for the purpose of removing a stone
Lithotripsy
crushing of a stone by sound waves or force
Lobectomy
surgical excision of lobe of the lung
Lordosis
anterior curve of spine
Lumbodynia
pain in the lumbar area
lunate
one of the wrist (carpal) bones
Lymph node
station along the lymphatic system
Lymphadenectomy
excision of a lymph node or nodes
Lymphadenitis
inflammation of a lymph node
Lymphangiography
radiographic recording of the lymphatic vessels and nodes
Lysis
releasing
Magnetic resonance imaging
MRI, procedure that uses nonionizing radiation to view the body in a cross-sectional view
Major Diagnostic Categories
MDC, the division of all principal diagnoses into 25 mutually exclusive principal diagnosis areas within the DRG system
Mammography
radiographic recording of the breasts
Managed Care Organization
MCO, a group that is responsible for the health care services offered to an enrolled group of persons
Manipulation
movement by hand
Manipulation or reduction
Alignment of a fracture or joint dislocation to its normal position
Mastoidectomy
removal of the mastoid bone
Maximum Actual Allowable
MAAC, limitation on the total amount that can be charged by physicians who are not participants in Medicare
Meatotomy
surgical enlargment of the opening of the urinary meatus
Medial
toward the midline of the body
Melanin
dark pigment of skin
Melanoma
tumor of epidermis malignant and black in color
Menieres disease
condition that causes dizziness ringing in ears and deafness
M-mode
one dimensional display of movement of structures
Modality
treatment method
Moh's surgery
removal of skin cancer in layers by a surgeon who also acts as pathologist during surgery
Monofocal
eyeglasses with one vision correction
Multipara
more than one pregnancy
Muscle
organ of contraction for movement
Muscle flap
transfer of muscle from origin to recipient site
Myasthenia gravis
syndrome characterized by muscle weakness
Myelography
radiographic recording of the subarachnoid space of the spine
Myopia
nearsightedness eyeball too long from front to back
Myringotomy
incision into tympanic membrane
Nasal Button
synthetic circular disk used to cover a hole in the nasal septum
Nasopharyngoscopy
use of a scope to visualize the nose and pharynx
Nephrectomy, paraperitoneal
kidney transplant
Nephrocutaneous fistula
a channel from the kidney to the skin
Nephrolithotomy
removal of a kidney stone through an incision made into the kidney
Nephorrhaphy
suturing of the kidney
Nephrostolithotomy
creation of an artificial channel to the kidney
Nephrostolithotomy , percutaneous
procedure to establish an artificial channel between the skin and the kidney
Nephrostomy
creation of a channel into the renal pelvis of the kidney
Nephrostomy, percutaneous
creation of a channel from the skin to the renal pelvis
Nephrotomy
incision into the kidney
Neurovascular flap
contains artery vein and nerve
Noninvasive
not entering the body not breaking skin
Nuclear cardiology
diagnostic specialty that uses radiologic procedures to aid in diagnosis of cardiologic conditions
Nystagmus
rapid involuntary eye movements
Ocular adnexa
orbit extraocular muscles and eyelid
Olecranon
elbow bone
Oophorectomy
surgical removal of the ovary(ies)
Opacification
area that has become opaque(milky)
Open fracture repair
surgical opening (incision) over or remote opening as access to a fracture site
Open Treatment
fracture site that is surgically opened and visualized
Ophthalmodynamomerty
test of blood pressure of the eye
Ophthalmology
body of knowledge regarding the eye
Opthalmoscopy
examination of the interior of the eye by means of a scope, also known as fundoscopy
Optokinetic
movement of the eyes to objects moving in the visual field
Orchiectomy
castration, removal of the testes
Orchiopexy
Surgical procedure to release undescended testes and fixate them within the scrotum
Orthoptic
Corrective in the correct place
Osteoarthritis
degenerative condition of articular cartilage
Osteoclast
absorbs or removes bones
Osteotomy
cutting into bone
Otitis Media
noninfectious inflammation of the middle ear
Otoscope
instrument used to examine the internal and external ear
Oviduct
fallopian tube
Papilledema
swelling of the optic disk (eye)
Paraesophageal hiatus hernia
hernia that is near the esophagus
Parathyroid
produces a horomone to mobilize calcium from the bones to the blood
Paronychia
infection around nail
Patella
Knee cap
Pedicle
growth attached with a stem
Pelviolithotomy
pyeloplasty (reconstruction of the renal pelvis part of the kidney)
Penoscrotal
referring to the penis and scrotum
Percussion
tapping with sharp blows as a diagnostic technique
Percutaneous
Through the skin
Percutaneous fracture repair
repair of a fracture by means of pins and wires inserted through the fracture site
Percutaneous skeletal fixation
considered neither open nor closed; the fracture is not visualized but fixation is placed across the fracture site under xray imaging
Pericardiocentesis
procedure in which a surgeon withdraws fluid from the pericardial space by means of a needle inserted percutaneously
Pericardium
membranous sac enclosing hear and ends of great vessels
Perineum
area between the vulva and anus: aka the pelvic floor
Peripheral nerves
12 pairs of cranial nerves; 31 pairs of spinal nerves and autonomatic nervous system; connects peripheral receptors to the brain and spinal cord
Peritoneal
within the lining of the abdominal cavity
Peritoneoscopy
visualization of the abdominal cavity using one scope placed through a small incision in the abdominal wall and another scope placed in the vagina
Pharyngolaryngectomy
surgical removal of the pharynx and larynx
Phlebotomy
cutting into a vein
Phonocardiogram
recording of heart sounds
Photochemotherapy
treatment by means of drugs that react to ultraviolet radiation or sunlight
Physics
scientific study of energy
Pilosebaceous
pertains to hair follicles and sebaceous glands
Placenta
a structure that connects the fetus and mother during pregnancy
Plethysmography
determining the changes in volume of an organ part or body
Pleura
covers the lungs and lines the thoracic cavity
Pleurectomy
surgical excision of the pleura
Pleuritis
inflammation of the pleura (lungs)
Pneumonocentesis
surgical puncturing of a lung to withdraw fluid
Pneumonolysis
surgical separation of the lung from the chest wall to allow the lung to collapse
Pneumonostomy
surgical procedure in which the chest cavity is exposed and the lung is incised
pneumonotomy
incision of the lung
Pneumoplethysmography
determining the changes in the volume of the lung
Posterior (dorsal)
in back of
Posterior segment
those parts of the eye behind the lens
Posteroanterior
from back to front
Postpartum
after childbirth
Priapism
painful conditioin in which the penis is constantly erect
Primary diagnosis
chief complaint of a patient in outpatient setting
Primipara
first pregnancy
Proctosigmoidscopy
fiberscopic examination of the sigmoid colon and rectum
Prognosis
probable outcome of an illness
Prostatotomy
incision into the prostate
Pyleography
radiographic recording of the kidneys renal pelvis ureters and bladder
Qualitative
measuring the presence or absence of
Quantitative
measuring the presence or absence of and the amount of
Rad
radiation absorbed dose, the energy deposited in patients tissues
Radiation oncology
branch of medicine concerned with the application of radiation to a tumor site for treatment of cancerous tumors
Radiograph
film on which an image is produced through exposure to x-radiation
Radiologist
physician who specializes in the use of radioactive materials in the diagnosis and treatment of disease and illness
Radiology
branch of medicine concerned with the use of radioactive substances for diagnosis and therapy
Rales
coarse sound on inspiration, also known as crackle (noise in the lungs)
Real time
two dimensional display of both the structures and the motion of tissues and organs with the length of time also recorded as part of the study
Reduction
replacement to normal position
Relative Value Unit
RVU, unit value that has been assigned for each service
Resource intensity
refers to the relative volume and type of diagnostic therapeutic and bed services used in the management of a particular illness
Retrograde
moving backward or against the usual direction of flow
Rhinoplasty
surgical repair of nose
Rhinorrhea
nasal mucous discharge
Salpingectomy
surgical removal of the uterine tube
Salpingostomy
creation of a fistula into the uterine tube
Scan
mapping of emissions of radioactive substances after they have been introduced into the body
Sclera
outer covering of the eye
Scoliosis
lateral curve in the spine
Sebaceous gland
secretes sebum
Sebum
oily substance
Section
slice of a frozen block
Segmentectomy
surgical removal of a portion of a lung
Septoplasty
surgical repair of the nasal septum
Serum
blood from which the fibrinogen has been removed
Severity of illness
refers to the levels of loss of function and mortality that may be experienced by patients with a particular disease
Shunt
an artificial passage
Sialography
radiographic recording of the salivary duct and branches
Sialolithotomy
surgical removal of stone of the salivary gland or duct
Sinography
radiographic recording of the sinus or sinus tract
Sinusotomy
surgical incision into a sinus
Skeletal traction
application of pressure to the bone by means of pins and/or wires inserted into the bone
Skin traction
application of pressure to the bone by means of tape applied to the kin
Skull
entire skeletal framework of the head
Somatic nerve
sensory or motor nerve
Specimen
sample of tissue or fluid
Spirometry
measurement of breathing capacity
Splenectomy
excision of the spleen
Splenography
radiographic recording of the spleen
Splenoportography
radiographic procedure to allow visualization of splenic and portal veins of the spleen
Split thickness graft
all epidermis and some of dermis
Spondylitis
inflammation of vertebrae
Steatoma
fat mass in sebaceous gland
Stem cell
immature blood cell
stereotaxis
method of identifying a specific area or point in the brain
Strabismus
extraocular muscle deviation resulting in unequal visual axes
Stratified
layered
Stratum(strata)
layer
Subcutaneous
Tissue below the dermis, primarily fat cells that insulate the body
Subluxation
partial dislocation
Subungual
beneath the nail
Superior
toward the head or the upper part of the body; also known as cephalic
Supination
supine position
Swan-Ganz-Catheter
a catheter that measures pressure in the heart
Sympathetic nerve
part of the peripheral nervous system the controls automatic body function and sympathetic nerves activated under stress
Symphysis
natural junction
Synchondrosis
union between two bones
Tachypnea
quick shallow breathing
Tarsorrhaphy
suturing together of the eyelids
Tendon
attaches a muscle to a bone
Tenodesis
suturing of a tendon to a bone
Tenorrhaphy
suture repair of tendon
Thermogram
written record of temperature variation
Thorancentesis
surgical puncture of the thoracic cavity, usually using a needle to remove fluids
Thoracic duct
collection and distribution point for lymph, and the largest lymph vessel located in the chest
Thoracoplasty
surgical procedure that removes ribs and thereby allows the collapse of the lung
Thoracoscopy
use of a lighted endoscope to view the pleural spaces and thoracic cavity or to perform surgical procedures
Thoracostomy
incision into the chest wall and insertion of a chest tube
Thromboendarterectomy
procedure to remove plaque or clot formations from a vessel by percutaneous method
Thymectomy
surgical removal of the thymus
Thyroglossal duct
connection between the thyroid and the tounge
Thyroid
part of the endocrine system that produces hormones that regulate metabolism
Thyroidectomy
surgical removal of the thyroid
Tinnitus
ringing in the ears
Titer
measure of laboratory analysis
Tocolysis
repression of uterine contractions
Tomography
procedure that allows viewing of a single plane of the body by blurring out all but the particular level
Tonometry
measurement of pressure or tension
Tonography
recording of changes in intraocular pressure in response to sustained pressure on the eyeball
Total pneumonectomy
surgical removal of an entire lung
Tracheostomy
creation of an opening into trachea
Tracheotomy
incision into trachea
Traction
application of pressure to maintain normal alignment
Transcutaneous
entering by way of the skin
Transesophageal echocardiogram
TEE, echocardiogram performed by placing a probe down the esophagus and sending out sound waves to obtain images of the heart and its movement
Transmastoid
creates an opening in the mastoid for drainage antrostomy
Transplantation
grafting of tissue from one source to another
Transseptal
through the septum
Transtracheal
across the trachea
Transureteroureterostomy
surgical connection of one ureter to the other ureter
Transurethral resection, prostate
procedure performed through the urethra by means of a cystoscopy to remove part or all of the prostate
Transvenous
through a vein
Transvesical urterolithotomy
removal of a ureter stone through the bladder
Trephination
surgical removal of a disk of bone
Trocar needle
needle with a tube on the end; used to puncture and withdraw fluid from a cavity
Tubercle
lesion caused by infection of tuberculosis
Tumescence
state of being swollen
Tunica Vaginalis
covering of the testes
Tympanolysis
freeing of adhesions of the tympanic membrane
Tympanometry
test of the inner ear using air pressure
Tympanostomy
insertion of ventilation tube into tympanum
Ultrasound
technique using sound waves to determine the density of the outline of tissue
Unilateral
occurring on one side
Uptake
absorption of a radioactive substance by body tissues, recorded for diagnostic purposes in conditions such as thyroid disease
Ureterectomy
surgical removal of a ureter either totally or partially
Ureterocolon
pertaining to the ureter and colon
Uretercutaneous fistula
channel from the ureter to exterior skin
Ureteroenterostomy
creation of a connection between the intestine and the ureter
Ureterolithotomy
removal of a stone for the ureter
Ureterolysis
freeing of adhesions of the ureter
Ureteroneocystostomy
surgical connection of the ureter to a new site on the bladder
Ureteropyelography
ureter and bladder radiography
Urterotomy
incision into the ureter
Urethrocystography
radiography of the bladder and urethra
Urethromeatoplasty
surgical repair of the urethra and meatus
Urethropexy
fixation of the urethra by means of surgery
Urethroplasty
surgical repair of the urethra
Urethrorrhaphy
suturing of the urethra
Urethroscopy
use of a scope to view the urethra
Urography
same as pyelography; radiographic recording of the kidneys, real pelvis, ureters, and bladder
Uveal
vascular tissue of the choroid, ciliary body and iris
Varices
varicose veins
Varicocele
swelling of a scrotal vein
Vas deferens
tube that carries sperm from the epididymis to the urethra
Vasectomy
removal of segment of vas deferens
Vasogram
recording of the flow in the vas deferens
Vasotomy
incision into the vas deferens
Vasorrhaphy
suturing of the vas deferens
Vasovasostomy
reversal of a vasectomy
Vectorcardiogram
VCG, continuous recording of electrical direction and magnitude of the heart
Venography
radiographic recording of the veins and tributaries
Vertebrectomy
removal of vertebra
Vertigo
dizziness
Vesicostomy
surgical creation of a connection between the viscera of the bladder to the skin
Vesicovaginal fistula
creation of a tube between the vagina and the bladder
Vesiculectomy
excision of the seminal vesicle
Vesiculography
radiographic recording of the seminal vesicles
Vesiculotomy
incision into the seminal vesicle
Viscera
an organ in one of the large cavities of the body
Volvulus
twisted section of the intestine
Vomer
flat bones of the nasal septum
Xanthoma
tumor composed of cells containing lipid material, yellow in color
Xenograft
different species graft
Xeroderma
dry, discolored scaly skin
Xeroradiography
photoelectric process of radiographs