19 terms

Chapter 8 Political Geography

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Balance of power
Condition of roughly equal strength between opposing countries or alliances of countries.
Boundary
invisible line that marks the extent of a state's territory
City-state
a sovereign state comprising a city and its immediate hinterland
Colonialism
Attempt by one country to establish settlements and to impose its political, economic, and cultural principles in another territory.
Colony
A territory that is legally tied to a sovereign state rather than completely independent.
Compact state
A state in which the distance from the center to any boundary does not vary significantly.
Elongated State
A state with a long, narrow shape.
Federal state
An internal organization of a state that allocates most powers to units of local government.
Fragmented state
A state that includes several discontinuous pieces of territory.
Frontier
A zone separating two states in which neither state exercises political control.
Imperialism
Control of territory already occupied and organized by an indigenous society.
landlocked state
A state that does not have a direct outlet to the sea.
Microstate
A state that encompasses a very small land area.
Perforated state
a state whose territory completely surrounds that of another state
Prorupted state
an otherwise compact state with a large projecting extension
Sovereignty
ability of a state to govern its territory free from control of its internal affairs by other states
State
an area organized into a political unit and ruled by an established government with control over its internal and foreign affairs
Unitary state
An internal organization of a state that places most power in the hands of central government officials
Insurgency
an organized rebellion aimed at overthrowing a constituted government through the use of subversion and armed conflict