Sociology test 1

1 / 50
Theoretical perspective most likely to study society at micro level
Click the card to flip 👆
Terms in this set (50)
The theoretical perspective that is most closely related to the work of Karl MarxConflict theoryWhich type of research would use statistical analysesQuantitativeWhat is sociological imaginationC. Wright Mills book, shows the differences/connections between individuals and society, connections of how personal troubles can become social/public issuesWhat are the 5 social institutionsEducation, government, economy, religion, familyWhat was important for the development of sociologyThe enlightenmentWhat theorist developed the concept Anonmie?DurkheimWhich theorist was critical of capitalism?MarxWhat is one difference between Marx and Weber?Marx believed in social class was everything, wherever you were born was important Weber believed that society is multidimensional, you could be low in social class and high in powerWhat is one similarity between Marx and Durkheim?They both look at Macro level theoriesWhat is debunking?Looking at behind the scenes patterns and processes that shape the behavior they observe in the social worldHow can facts learned when studying sociology be inconvenient?Could be biasedWho are the major early European theorist?Emile Durkheim, Karl Marx, Max WeberWhat do sociologist mean by diversity and why is it an important concept?A variety of group experiences that result from the social structure of society (studies group differences) Important because it refers to variety of different group experiences that result from social structure of societyWhat is the conflict theory?A macro level theory, society dominates the individual, based of Marx's view of society as fragmented into groups that compete for economic resourcesWhat is symbolic interaction theory?A micro level theory, individuals create the society, information about the individuals not the cities, society is socially constructed through human interpretation and constantly modified through interactionWhat is quantitaive analysis?numerical representation and analysis of observationsWhat is qualitative analysis?nonnumerical examination and interpretation of observationsWhat are the 5 steps in the research process?develop a research question, research design, later data, data analysis, drawling conclusionsWhat are the 5 steps in stages of research?develop a research question, deciding on the appropriate research design, gathering data, data analysis, conclusionsThe tools most sociologists use are..observational research, survey research, and controlled experimentsWhat is sociology?a study of the human behavior in society, its empirical, uses scientific method, and its a social scienceWhat is social context?Where you're born and where/how you grew upMicro levelthe littler things like an individualMacrobigger things like institutions or societiesWhat is social structure?the organized pattern of social relationships and social institutions that together constitute societyEmile Durkheimconcerned about the forces held members in society, Collective Consciousness (book that looks at large groups not individuals) MACRO, society is made up of parts that come together to contribute to stability for social systemKarl MarxWrote Communist Manifesto; concerned how capitalism shaped society, and looked at class rank as a unit of analysis, Conflict TheoryMax Weberdeveloped a multidimensional analysis of society, concerned about economy and how it kept improving overtimeThe Chicago Schoolinterested in how society shaped the mind and identify individuals used social setting as human lavatories for researchEarly American SociologistCooley, Mead, Adams, Park, De BoisCooley"looking glass self" we are how people tell us we areMeadinvestigated on how we can learn our role in society, looked at childhood socialization and where we fit, (built on from Cooley)Parkurban problems, think about problems and look at city structures.De Boislook at urban probs like parks and committed to activismFunctionalismMarco-level theory, society dominates the individual, thinks were products of institutions/societiesTalcott Parsonsadaptations, integration, goal attainment, maintenanceRobert Mertonrealized that social problems have unintended consequences that are neither immediately apart nor necessarily the same as stated purposeConflict TheoryMacro level theory, society dominates the individual, emphases the roe of coercion in producing social order, noting that the power is the ability to influence and control othersSymbolic Interactionmicro level theory, individuals create society, getting info from individuals not society. Like Chicago school, Cooley, and MeadWhat is sociology?