Social Psychology Ch. 13: Altruism and Prosocial Behavior
Terms in this set (21)
any behavior that has the goal of helping another person
the desire to help another person
the idea that we are more likely to help those we are genetically related to
the idea that we are motivated to help others due to the expectation that they will then help us in return later on
Men are more likely to help in situations that call for _________ behavior.
the ability to understand other people's perspectives and respond emotionally to other people's experiences
a personality factor that describes the extent to which a person's willingness to help is a function of his/her own needs and expected consequences vs. larger moral standards
Personal factors that influence helping
decision-making process model
a model describing helping behavior as a function of five distinct steps:
1. Do you notice that something is happening?
2. Do you interpret the event as an emergency?
3. Do you personally take responsibility for providing help?
4. Can you decide how to help?
5. Provide help
a particular type of norm misperception that occurs when each individual in the group privately rejects the group's norms, but believes that others accept these norms
the finding that the more people who witness an emergency, the less likely a victim is to receive help
a model describing helping behavior as caused by the physiological arousal resulting from seeing someone in need of help, but also the calculation of the costs and rewards of providing such help
good mood effect
the finding that helping behavior increases when people are in a good mood
If we are in a bad mood, we are _____ likely to help.
Socially excluded people are _____ likely to help.
urban overload hypothesis
a hypothesis that people who live in urban areas are constantly exposed to stimulation, which in turn leads them to decrease their awareness of their environment
a hypothesis that when we feel empathy for a person, we will help that person even if we incur a cost by doing so
a hypothesis that people are motivated to help others in order to relieve their own negative feelings
norm of reciprocity
the idea that we should help those who are in need of assistance, because they will then help us in the future
norm of social responsibility
the idea that we have an obligation to help those who are in need of assistance, even if we have no expectation that we will later receive help from them
self-evaluation maintenance model
a model positing that one's own self-concept can be threatened if someone else performs better on a self-relevant task