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formed between two atoms when one or more electrons are transferred from one atom to the other
weak chemical bonds that form when a hydrogen atom that is covalently bonded to one electronegative atom is also attracted to another electronegative atom
water molecules have a tendency to stick together making it difficult to break the surface of water
the ability of a substance to store heat (the quantity of heat required to change the temperature of a substance by 1 degree)
a six-carbon monosaccharide with the chemical formula C6H12O6. plants produce it and cells break it down
a polysacchardie made up of beta-glucose that lends structural support to the cell wall in plants
a polysaccharide that allows animals to store glucose molecules in the liver and muscle cells
distinctive groups of atoms that play a large role in determining the chemical behavior of the compound they are a part of
forms when a polypeptide chain twists and folds on itself to form a three-dimensional structure
molecules consisting of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms not in a 1:2:1 ratio, fats, oils, and steroids
the forming of a triglyceride by each of the carboxyl groups of three fatty acids reacting with one of the three hydroyl groups of glycerol by dehydration synthesis
a lipid with a long hydrocarbon chain and a carboxyl group at the end, tend to be solid at room temperature and saturated
a lipid with a long hydrocarbon chain and a carboxyl group at the end, tend to be liquid at room temperature and unsaturated
molecules made up of simple units of nucleotides and contain carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen and phosphorus
Oparin and Haldane
scientists that proposed the primitive atmosphere contained methane, ammonia, hydrogen, and water that combined in a chemical reaction that created organisms
Stanley Miller and Harold Urey
scientists that simulated a primitive atmosphere and proved that life could've developed from nonliving matter
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