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National Road

Built to improve transportation of goods and people over land.

Cumberland MD

National Road's starting point

How far had Nat'l road reached by 1833

Columbus OH

When was Erie Canal completed?


How many locks on original canal


Which immigrant group worked on Canal


By how much did Canal lower shipping costs?

From $100 ton to $5 ton

Who developed successful steam boat

Robert Fulton

By how much did the amount of railroad track in the US increase from 1830 to 1860?

From 3,000 miles to 30,000 miles

Eli Whitney

Invented Cotton Gin and developed idea of interchangeable parts

Lowell, MA

Center of textile industry

Impact of Cotton Gin

Cleaning cotton faster and cheaper - greater demand for cotton in Northern factories - need to plant more cotton in South - need more slaves to pick

What was ideal life according to Jefferson

Own your own land

Where did the Industrial Revolution begin?


Who build first spinning mill in US

Samuel Slater

Express mail system west of Mississippi

Pony Express

Who suffered most from poor working conditions of factories?

Women and children

Mount Holyoke

First women's college in US

Sojourner Truth

Former Slave who joined women's movement

Declaration of Sentiments 1848

Women demanded: 1. job opportunities, 2. right to education, 3. right to vote, 4. right to custody of children in divorce

Why did working conditions deteriorate for mill girls in mid 1800's

Competition and an increase in immigrants willing to work for low wages

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