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Supreme Court Cases

For NYS Regents Review
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Marbury v. Madison
Established concept of judicial review, first time supreme court declared something 'unconstitutional'
McCulloch v. Maryland
Maryland was trying to tax the national bank and Supreme Court ruled that federal law was stronger than the state law
Worchester v. Georgia
The Supreme Court decided Georgia had no jurisdiction over Cherokee reservations. Georgia refused to enforce decision and President Jackson didn't support the Court.
Scott v. Sandford
denied citizenship to enslaved African Americans and denied right to sue in federal court. Invalidated Missouri Compromise (no slaves north of 36° 30')
Muller v. Oregon
1908 - Supreme Court upheld Oregon state restrictions on the working hours of women as justified by the special state interest in protecting women's health
Lockner v. NY
the government could not regulate the hours of bakers because it interfered with their liberty of contract
Plessy v. Ferguson
a 1896 Supreme Court decision which legalized state ordered segregation so long as the facilities for blacks and whites were equal.
Northern Securities v. US
Dissolved JP Morgan's Northern Securities Company, and successfully applied the Sherman Anti-Trust Act to break up a business monopoly.
Schenck v. US
Defendant's criticism of the draft was not protected by the First Amendment, because it created a clear and present danger to the enlistment and recruiting practices of the U.S. armed forces during a state of war.
Schecter Poultry Corporation v. US
(1935)-declared the NIRA unconstitutional; Congress cannot delegate broad legislative powers to the president without the clear standards to use that power
US v. Butler
1936, Supreme Court rejects AAA
Roosevelt tries court-packing scheme (rejected)
Korematsu v. US
1944 Supreme Court case where the Supreme Court upheld the order providing for the relocation of Japanese Americans. It was not until 1988 that Congress formally apologized and agreed to pay $20,000 to each survivor
Brown v. Board of Education
1954 - The Supreme Court overruled Plessy v. Ferguson, declared that racially segregated facilities are inherently unequal and ordered all public schools desegregated.
Mapp v. Ohio
established the exclusionary rule; evidence illegally obtained cannot be used in court; Warren Court's judicial activism
Gideon v. Wainwright
1963 ruling that a defendant in a felony trial must be provided a lawyer free of charge if the defendant cannot afford one.
Escobedo v. Illinois
1964--Ruled that a defendant must be allowed access to a lawyer before questioning by police.
Miranda v. Arizona
Supreme Court held that criminal suspects must be informed of their right to consult with an attorney and of their right against self-incrimination prior to questioning by police.
Engle v. Vitale
1962 case in which the court rule that school prayer was unconstitutional
Heart of Atlanta Motel v. US
1964, Businesses can't discriminate against blacks or women when providing goods and services.
Tinker v. Des Moines
The case that ruled that students do not lose Constitutional rights when they entered the building but they can be limited if they cause a disruption; Black armbands in school is free speech, protected by 1st amendment
New York Times v. US
The Supreme Court refused to prevent the publication of The Pentagon Papers, a classified documentary history of U.S. involvement in Vietnam, on national security ground; prior restraint
Roe v. Wade
(1973) legalized abortion on the basis of a woman's right to privacy
US v. Nixon
Ruled that the President has no "executive privilege" of witholding evidence from court if they are criminal proceedings
U. of California Regents v. Bakke
set standards for reverse discrimination, minority quotas alone cannot be used in determining job and school preferences. Race is only one element, the other elements are just as important.
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