Constitution Articles and Bill of Rights

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Preamble
Lists the purposes of American government
Article 1
Describes the legislative branch
Article 2
Describes the executive branch
Article 3
Describes the judicial branch
Article 4
Governs relations among the states
Article 5
Describes the process for amending the Constitution
Article 6
Declares the Constitution and federal laws to be the supreme law of the United States
Article 7
Describes the process for ratification of the new Constitution
1st Amendment
Guarantees freedom of speech, religion, the press, assembly, and petition
2nd Amendment
Guarantees the right to bear arms
3rd Amendment
Prohibits the government from housing troops in private homes
4th Amendment
Protects against illegal searches and seizures
5th Amendment
Provides criminal protections against self-incrimination, double jeopardy, and guarantees due process
6th Amendment
Guarantees a speedy and public trial, an impartial jury, and the right to an attorney
7th Amendment
Guarantees a jury trial in civil cases
8th Amendment
Protects against excessive bail and cruel and unusual punishment
9th Amendment
States that rights not listed in other amendments are not the only rights protected
10th Amendment
Reserves powers to states
Popular sovereignty
Principle that the people are the ultimate rulers
Checks and balances
Principle that each branch of government has methods of counteracting every other branch
Separation of powers
Principle that three branches of government each have their own area of responsibility
Limited government
Principle that governmental power cannot be absolute
Federalism
Division of power between the national and state governments
Judicial review
Courts have the final say when interpreting the meaning of the Constitution
Articles of Confederation
Created the first government of the United States
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