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Human Geography Chapter 2 Key Issue 1
Terms in this set (23)
p49 The ratio of the number of farmers to the total amount of land suitable for agriculture
p48 The total number of people divided by the total land area.
p45 A complete enumeration of a population
crude birth rate (CBR)
p50 The total number of live births in a year for every 1,000 people alive in a society.
p56 The process of change in a society's population from a condition of high crude birth & death rates & low rate of natural increase . to a condition low crude birth & death rates, low rate of natural increase, & higher total population
p44 The scientific study of population characteristics.
p54 The number of people under age 15 & over age 64 compared to the number of people active in the labor force.
p50 The number of years needed to double a population, assuming a constant rate of natural increase.
p47 The portion of Earth's surface occupied by permanent human settlement.
p64 The branch of medical science concerned with the incidence, distribution, & control of diseases that are prevalent among a population at a special time & are produced by some special causes not generally present in the affected locality.
p64 distinctive causes of death in each stage of the demographic transition
p56 a series of improvements in industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing goods
infant mortality (IMR)
p70 the total number of deaths in a year among infants under one year of age for every 1,000 live births in a society
p65 The average number years an individual can be expected to live. given current social, economic, & medical conditions. Life expectancy at birth is the average of years a newborn can expect to live.
p56 medical technology invented in Europe & North America that has diffused to the poorer countries in Latin America, Asia, & Africa. Improved medical practices have eliminated many of the traditional causes of death in poorer countries & enabled more people to live longer & healthier lives.
natural increase rate (NIR)
p50 the percentage of growth of a population a year, computed as the crude birth rate minus the crude death rate
p44 a situation in which the number of people in an area exceeds the capacity of the environment to support life at a decent standard of living
p64 disease that occurs over a wide geographical area & affects a very high proportion of the population
p48 the number of people per unit of area of arable land, which is land suitable for agriculture
p54 a bar graph that represents the distribution of population by age & sex
p54 the number of males per 100 females in a population
total fertility rate (TFR)
p52 the average number of children a woman will have during her childbearing years
zero population growth (ZPG)
p57 a decline of the total fertility rate to the point where the natural increase rate equals zero
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