76 terms

English Word of the day

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Analyze
To identify the parts of a whole and their relationships to one another
Compare
Place together characters, situations, or ideas to show common features in literary selections
Contrast
Place together characters, situations, or ideas to show differing features in literary selections
Characterization
The methods an author uses to reveal characters and their various traits and personalities
Describe
To give an account in woeds of someone
Evaluate
To examine and fudge carefully. To judge or determine the significance, worth, or quality of something to assess
Explain
To make understandable- plain or clear
Formulate
To express an idea in a concise or systematic way
Infer
To judge based on reasoning rather than an direct or explicit statements to "read between the lines"
Predict
To say or estimate that something will happen in the future or be a consequence
Summarize
To capture all the most important parts of an original text, but express them in a shorter response
Support
To back up with details, to tell why, to give reasons or tell "how you know" something
Trace
To list in order, step, or sequence
Allusion
An implied or indirect reference i literature to a familiar person
Antonym
A word that is the opposite in meaning to another word
Authors Purpose
Authors intent to Persuade, Inform (teach), or Entertain
Affix
One or more letters attached to the beginning, or end or base of a word AKA a prefix or suffix
Bias
The subtle presence of a positive or negative approach
Biography
A written account of another persons life
Character
A person, animal, or inanimate object portrayed in a literary work
Climax
Turning point, moment when conflict is most intense
Conflict
A struggle or clash between opposing characters, forces, or emotions
Context Clues
Words and phrases in a sentence, paragraph, and/or whole text, which help reason our the meaning of an unfamiliar word
Cultural Significance
The generally accepted importance of a work representing a given culture
Dialect
A variety of a language distinct from the standard in pronunciation, grammar or vocabulary.
Dialogue
Conversation between characters; speech of characters in a drama
Diction
An authors choice of words, phrases, sentence structures and figurative language, which combine to help create meaning and tone
Differentiate
To distinguish, tell apart, and recognize differences between two or more iteams
Drama
Genre of literature intended for the stage; a work performed by actoris on stage, radio, or television; a play
Draw conclusions
To make a judgement or decision based on reasoning rather than direct or implict statement
Elements of Fiction
Traits that mark a work as imaginative or narrative (plot, theme, symbol)
Elements of Nonfiction
traits that mark a work as anallytical, informative, or agrumenitive (facts, data, charts, graohics, heading)
Explicit
Clearly expressed, or fully stated in the actual text
implicit
Though unexspressed in actual text. meaning may be understood by the reader; implied
exposition
narrative device used at the beginning of a work that provides necessary background info about the characters and their circumstances.
Fact
A peice of infortmaion provided abjectivley presented as true
Falling Action
The part of a literary plot characterized by diminishing tensions and regulations of the plot's conflicts and complications
fiction
Any story that is the product of a imagination rather than a documentation of fact
figurative language
launguage that cannot be taken literally since it was written to create a special effect or feeling
focus
the center of interest or attention
flashback
organizational device used in literature to present action that occured before the current (present) time of the story (often dreams or memories of characters)
foreshadowing
an organizational device used in literature to create expectation or to set u[ an explanation of later developments
generalization
a conlusion, drawn from specific information, that is used to make a broad statement about a topic or person
genre
a category used to classify literary works; usually by form technique, or content
hyperbole
an exaggeration or overstatement
imagery
descriptive or figurative language in a literary work; the use of language to create sensory impressions
interpret
to give reasons through an explanation to convey and represent the meaning or understanding of a text
irony
the use of a word or phrase to mean the exact opposite of its literal or usual meaning (not what one excepts)
Main idea
The authors central thought the chief topic of a text the topic sentence of a paragraph
Metaphor
The comparison of one thing to another without the use of like or as.
Monologue
An extended speech spoken by one speaker either to others or as if alone
motif
a recurring subject, theme or idea in a literary work
multiple-meaning words
words that have several meanings depending upon how they are used in a text
narrative
a story, actual or fictional, expressed orally or in text
narrator
a person, animal, or thing telling the story or giving an account of something
nonfiction
text that is designed to explain, argue, instruct or describe
opinion
a personal view, attitude, or appraisal
personification
an object or abstract idea is given human qualities or form
plot
the structure of a story; sequence of events
prefix
groups of letters placed before a word to alter its meaning
propaganda
information aimed at positvley influencing opinons or behaviors if large numbers of people
name- calling
is an attack on a person instead of an issue
bandwagon
tries to persuade the reader to do, think, or buy something because it is popular, "everyone is doing it"
Red herring
an attempt to distract the reader with details not relevant to the argumet
emotional appeal
tries to persuade the reader by using words that appeal to the readers emotions instead of to logic or reason
testimonial
attempts to persuade the reader by using a famous person to endorse a product or iddea.
repetition
attempts to persuade the reader by repeating a message over and over agian
Sweeping Generalization
makes an oversimplified statement about a group based on limited information (stereotyping)
Circular Argument
states a conclusion as part of the proof of the argument
Appeal to numbers, facts, or statistics
attempts to persuade the reader by showing how many people think something is true.
Resolution
The portion of a story following the climax in which the conflict is resolved
Rising Action
Part of the plot where the conflicts take place leading up to the turning point of the story
satire
a literary approach that ridicules or examines human vice or weakness
Sequence of Steps
A literary organizational form that presents the order in which tasks are to be performed.
Solilquy
A speech given by a character alone on stage
Sound devices
Elements of literature that emphasize sound