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AP HUG Mastering Geography Unit 2 Key Issues 1, 2 Vocabulary
Terms in this set (17)
Where the number of people in an area exceeds the land's capacity to support them with space/resources.
A complete enumeration of a population.
Portion of earth's surface that is permanently settled by humans.
Number of people divided by total land area.
Number of people divided by total arable land area.
Ratio of farmers to unit of arable land.
Natural increase rate (NIR)
The percent growth of a population in a year.
Amount of years it will take for a population to double with constant NIR.
Average number of years one is expected to live in a population.
Crude birth rate (CBR)
Number of births per 1000 people.
Crude death rate (CDR)
Number of deaths per 1000 people.
Scientific Study of population characteristics
Total fertility rate (TFR)
Average number of children a woman will have during her childbearing years
a process of change in a society's population from high crude birth and death rates and low NIR to one of low birth and death rates, and low NIR, and higher population
Series of improvements in industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing goods.
Improvements to medical technology and medicine, eliminating causes of death, increasing life expectancy.
Zero population growth (ZPG)
A decline of the total fertility rate to the point where the natural increase rate is zero.
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