26 terms

Ch. 11 Government

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Expressed Powers
Delegated powers of the National Government that are spelled out in the Constitution
Implied Powers
Delegated powers of the National Government that are suggested by the expressed powers; those "Necessary and Proper" to carry out expressed powers
Inherent Powers
Powers the Constitution is presumed to have given to the National Government because it is the government of a sovereign state in the world community
Strict Constructionists
Someone who argues a narrow interpretation of the Constitution in regards to Congressional Powers
Liberal Constructionists
Someone who argues a broad interpretation of the Constitution, and giving more powers to Congress
Consensus
General agreement among various groups, has remained
Tax
A charge levied by government on persons or property to raise money to meet public needs
Direct Tax
Tax directly paid to the government by the person it was given to
Indirect Tax
Is a tax paid by one person but then passed on to another (Federal tax on cigarettes paid by Tobacco companies..passed to consumer
Public Debt
Is all the money borrowed by the Federal Govt. and not yet repaid
Deficit Financing
The practice of funding government by borrowing to make up the difference between government spending and revenue.
Commerce Power
The power to regulate interstate and foreign trade
Legal Tender
Any kind of money that a creditor must by law accept as payment for debts
Bankruptcy
The legal proceeding by which a bankrupt person's assets are distributed to those they owe debt to
Naturalization
Process by which citizens of another country become American citizens
Copyright
An exclusive right of an author to reproduce, publish, and sell their creative work
Patent
Sole right to manufacture , use, or sell any new and useful art, machine, manufacture...
Eminent Domain
The inherent ability to take private property for public use
Appropriate
Assign to a particular use
Necessary and Proper Clause
Constitutional clause that gives Congress the power to make all laws "necessary and proper" for executing its power
Doctrine
A principle or fundamental policy
Successor
A replacement to fill a vacancy
Impeachment
To bring formal charges against a public official
Acquit
To find not guilty
Perjury
The act of lying under oath
Subpoena
A legal order directing one to appear in court and to produce certain evidence
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