Securities & Investments Vocabulary

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Terms in this set (...)

Analyst
An expert who studies financial data
Agent
A securities firm - acts on behalf of its clients as buyer or seller of a security
Assets
All that a company or person owns, including money, securities, equipment, and real estate
Bid
The price a buyer is willing to offer
Blue Chip Stocks
Stocks of leading and nationally known companies
Bond
Promissory notes issued by a corporation or government to its lenders
Bear Market
A market in which stock prices are falling
Bull Market
A market in which stock prices are rising or are expected to rise
Capital
Financial value of assets, such as cash
Capital Stock
All shares representing ownership of a company
Capital Gain
Profit resulting from selling an asset for greater than its purchase price
Capital Loss
Loss resulting from selling of an asset for less than its purchase price
Commodities
Include agricultural products and natural resources. They are used for commerce that are traded on a separate, authorized commodities exchange
Diversification
Investing in many different assets rather than to reduce risk
Dividend
A portion of a company's earnings which is paid to the shareholders. One of the most used investment vocabulary words
Equities
Stocks, which represent a share in the ownership of a company
Futures
Contracts to buy or sell securities at a future date. One of the most common investment vocabulary words
Insider
Those who are presumed to have access to inside information concerning the company
Interest
A fixed charge for borrowing money
IPO
Initial Public Offering
Mutual Fund
Savings fund that uses cash from a pool of savers to buy securities
NASDAQ
National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotation system
Portfolio
All the securities held by an investor
Prospectus
A paper containing information of a proposed undertaking
Securities
Showing ownership of stocks, options, etc
Shareholder
An owner of shares
Speculator
Someone who buys and sells stocks and shares
Stock
Shares of an issuer that are traded on a stock exchange. One of the most used investment vocabulary words
Stock Market
"A system for buying and selling shares of companies
Volatility
Being easily excited
Yield
The measure of the return on an investment - Is shown as a percentage