74 terms

Technology Final

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Terms in this set (...)

Define Problem Solving and Inquiry learning.
Activities in which students ask questions, make predictions, test theories, and revise ideas based on data and evidence
What is Hardware?
Basic machinery and circuitry of a computer
What is a web browser?
Software that allows computer users to visit favorite websites or search for new information online.
What is Bloom's Taxonomy?
The system for classifying different forms of thinking along a scale from basic recall and interpretation of information to comparison and evaluation of theories and perspectives
higher order thinking
Applying Bloom's Taxonomy to the use of learning games by teachers, an educational software program that allows different ways to complete a game supports what kind of thinking?
What do adware software do?
disregard a user's choice about how a computer will be used
What is digital writing?
expressing ideas in writing using computers, websites, blogs, and other electronic communication formats
According to Marc Prensky, what characteristics do all computer games have?
rules, goals and objectives, outcomes and feedback, conflict and challenge, interaction, and representation or story
What is a primary goal of the Math Blaster, Treasure Mathstorm, Numbers Undercover, and Sunbuddy Math educational software games?
to teach mathematical computational skills to students
10. How are digital games for learning designed?
They are designed so that students can learn academic skills and content within the activities of the game.
11. Define stealth
learning without the realization that learning is occurring because academic information and skills are embedded within the activities of a learning game
12. What is a major goal of intelligent tutoring systems?
to provide students with structured practice to become better learners by adjusting questions to the needs of the learner
1. Define synchronous communications.
communication that occurs in real time between two or more persons
Electronic Mail
electronic messages exchanged between teachers and students
Blogs
online journals written by teachers that can be read by students
Online Discussions
electronic forums where teachers and students discuss educational topics
Teacher websites
websites developed by teachers to share information with students
Wikis
websites created by teachers and students who revise and edit one another's writing
3. In what way does educational networking differ from social networking?
Educational networking involves teachers sharing curriculum and instructional resources with other educators.
False
T/F: According to the National Commission of Writing, new technologies such as instant messaging and email have resulted in more writing by students on school assignments.
Define textspeak.
the collection of abbreviated letters and symbols used by many cell phone and computer users to communicate information quickly while online
What is NOT a recommended strategy for teachers when using email and instant messaging with students?
requiring students to submit academic assignments by email
Define microblogging.
Sending short messages to friends and colleagues.
Define "official face" blog.
a blog that serves as a formal information resource center for a school
What is a purpose of digital image scanners?
to allow teachers and students to transfer handwritten or paper-based materials to computers for editing and posting online
10. What is recommended for a teacher to do when using online discussions with students?
raising questions and summarizing what others have said
11. Describe collaborative learning.
collaborative learning happens when students work together on different parts of a problem and discover key concepts and information for themselves
1. What is an example of an instructional activity that would NOT be considered an example of multimedia in education?
teachers asking questions of students while presenting information
False
T/F: Teachers tend to emphasize multimodal, interactive learning when using technology in teaching.
3. According to research on the impact of media on learning, what produces the highest learning gains?
simulations, modeling, and student-to-student interactions
4. According to the principles of Information Presentation Design, what should teachers consider when creating PowerPoint slides?
Who is the audience and what do I want them to leave knowing?
What is NOT a recommended strategy for creating engaging and memorable PowerPoint presentations?
having students copy the information on slides to reinforce learning
Define streaming video.
the simultaneous transfer of voice, video, and data from one computer to another
7. What is a good strategy for teachers to use when using videos and DVDs in the classroom?
to pause the video or film regularly to engage students in talking and writing about the material
Define personal alphabet book.
teacher- and student- made books designed to teach spelling patterns and letter sounds
Define digital storytelling.
digital storytelling refers to the ways that written text, audio, and video imagery can be combine to make unique story presentations
False
T/F: Differentiated instruction and universal design for learning are intended for students with special education designations rather than students designated as gifted or talented learners.
2. What is NOT a characteristic of acceptable use of differentiated instruction and universal design for learning in schools?
Teaching students in a curriculum that emphasizes a one-size-fits-all model rather than attempting to address the needs of different students within the same class.
Define universal design.
a concept from the field of architecture that is focused on providing equal access to facilities and public places
The Center for Applied Special Technology defines universal design for learning in schools as providing students with multiple means of ________.
representation, expression, and engagement
5. What strategy do special education advocates (including Thomas Hehir) urge educators to emphasize when using technology to respond to the needs of students?
accommodation
True
T/F: To improve education for all students, teachers should think in terms of changing the classroom layout and structure and changing how the curriculum is delivered.
Define low tech.
Changes made easily, inexpensively, and without using digital or electronic tools.
Define mid tech.
Changes involving shifts in the organization and delivery of curriculum, including the use of electronic materials.
Define high tech
Changes associated with the integration of computers and other specialized technologies.
handheld speller and dictionary
10. Give an example of a device that does NOT need a computer to make it an assistive technology.
11. Define speech reading software.
acts as a translator of the visual page, reading the text and notifying the user of frames and boundaries located on the screen
12. Define optical character recognition and reading software.
enables the text to be read and translated into multiple modes, including text from a book that is scanned into the software and then displayed on screen
13. Define word prediction software.
serves as a spelling and writing coach, predicting the words a writer may be intending to write and offering multiple suggestions for spelling
writing
14. What is referred to as the neglected "R" in schools today?
15. What kind of tech tools can be used in the writing process of brainstorming/openers?
interactive storybooks, author websites, and sound systems for read-alouds of published stories
16. What kind of tech tools can be used in the writing process of drafting/facilitators?
computer word processing and drawing programs, text-to-speech software, and tape recorders
17. What kind of tech tools can be used in the writing process of revising and editing/editors?
track changes on word processing programs, handheld spellers and dictionaries, and grammar and spell-check programs
18. What kind of tech tools can be used in the writing process of publishing/publishers?
PowerPoint, digital portfolios, and teacher and classroom websites
Define digital portfolio.
a collection of educational materials stored in an electronic format by teachers or students
2. Why is it recommended that new teachers build a professional portfolio?
in order to create meaningful opportunities for self-reflection about one's professional learning
False
T/F: Mandated tests for beginning teachers are considered a controversial policy because most evaluators prefer to use papers, projects, and presentations to evaluate beginning teacher performance.
4. Describe online assessment system.
uses preselected pieces of work in a commercially designed template.
5. Describe print-loaded portfolio.
uses paper text and displays it electronically
6. Describe web-sensible portfolio.
uses text boxes, hyperlinking, visuals, audio texts, and design elements to convey a teacher's materials
7. Define standards-based digital portfolio.
a type of digital portfolio designed to show the relationship between educational standards and a teachers goals, artifacts, and reflections
8. Describe new teacher assessment.
how supervisors assess teachers
9. Describe student assessment.
how teachers assess students
10. Describe student involvement in learning and assessment.
how students participate in the assessment
11. What is NOT a form of assessment generally used to evaluate the performance of new teachers?
Student evaluations and feedback about the performance of new teacher candidates
What is the role of reflection in digital portfolio building primarily intended to do?
guide teachers and students in thinking critically about their learning
13. When displaying materials in a digital portfolio, what are teachers and students best advised to do?
display only specific, well-chosen projects, initiatives, accomplishments, and activities
14. Define democratic schools and classrooms.
educational places where teachers and students together make substantive decisions about such matters as the academic curriculum and school rules
15. Define prior knowledge-based learning.
the idea that when teaching new concepts, teachers need to connect their lessons to what students already know or have been taught about a topic
Give examples of online surveys.
Zoomerang, Survey Monkey, and Poll Builder
17. Define question-driven instruction.
an instructional approach in which students are given a challenging question that they are asked to consider and answer either individually or in small groups
What most accurately describes the student roles or how students participate in democratic schools and classrooms?
express ideas on decisions and policies related to school rules and academic lessons
What are teachers advised to do when designing questions for a student participation system?
ask questions to reveal potential misconceptions as a way to clarify key ideas
20. What is NOT considered to be a type of performance assessment of students or teachers?
mandated statewide exams