Upgrade to remove ads
AP Gov Key Concept Ch. 4
Terms in this set (21)
A set of basic values and beliefs about how political and economic life should be carried out. Shared by most people, with subcultures present based on region, religion, ethnicity, etc.
Some elements of our political culture
Liberty, equality, democracy, individual responsibility, civic duty, and rule of law
Alexis de Tocqueville
French observer of American political culture. He noted that several factors have contributed to that culture: lots of land, lots of opportunities to make a living, a lack of aristocracy, and an independent spirit.
Process of acquiring a sense of political identity. Family #1 influence. Schools, churches, media, peers, opinion leaders, events all also important.
Democratic and civic habits of discussion, compromise, and respect for differences, which grow out of participation in voluntary organizations.
The metaphor for declining social capital. Affecting politics through declining rates of membership in political parties, more polarized political views.
The collection of private, voluntary groups that makes cooperation easier and allows us to hold gov't accountable.
A belief that one can affect government policies. Sometimes called political efficacy (although political efficacy also involves the ability to understand and take part in political affairs in addition to believing that the gov't will respond)
The rights of all people to dignity and worth; also called human rights.
A belief that ultimate power resides in the people
The widespread belief that the United States is a land of opportunity and that individual initiative and hard work can bring economic success.
An economic system characterized by private property, competitive markets, economic incentives, and limited government involvement in the production, distribution, and pricing of goods and services. (We don't like monopolies, for instance, b/c they distort competitive markets.)
A belief that government can and should achieve justice and equality of opportunity.
A belief that limited government insures order, competitive markets, and personal opportunity.
An economic and governmental system based on public ownership of the means of production and exchange.
An ideology that emphasizes individual liberty and insists on minimal government, promoting a free market economy, a noninterventionist foreign policy, and an absence of regulation in moral, economic, and social life.
Morality and religion decisive. Need clear, stable rules.
Personal freedom and solving social problems more important than religion. Rules to be evaluated based on personal circumstances
America is thought by some to have changed over the years in several ways
What are several ways America has changed over the years? (Some of the changing values)
From commitment to capitalism and free enterprise to more promotion of the general welfare, from more trust in the gov't to less, from a strong sense of political efficacy to a weak one, and from a more unified view of the right answer on social views to culture wars.
The belief that you can influence policy; Involves the ability to understand and take part in political affairs in addition to believing that the gov't will respond
You might also like...
AP NSL ch 4
AP Government Unit 2 Review (Chap. 4-5)
Other sets by this creator
Key Concepts Ch. 8
AP Gov Key Concepts Ch. 2
AP Gov Key Concepts Ch. 1