TFM 160

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

implicit meaning
life lesson/ message/ point
association that the viewer makes based on the explicit meaning
explicit meaning
what a movie presents on the surface
what is shown on screen
onions/ ogres
ogre- what you see outside (explicit)
onion- internal layers (implicit)
formal analysis
how a scene/ sequence uses formal elements
-film form
-cinematography
-editing
-sound
-design
cultural analysis
focuses on assumptions and precise about
-gender
-class
-race
-ethnicity
-nationality
-age
formal analysis differs from cultural analysis
formal- film elements
cultural- is social elements
cinematic language
connects us to the story - while concealing the means by which it does this
why do we call cinematic language invisible
it is not composed of words
cultural invisibility
used by film maker to reinforce the viewers subconscious beliefs or worldviews
-occurs on the emotional level
-immerse the viewer into the film
cinematic invisibility
techniques of film making going unnoticed
how is cultural invisibility different from cinematic invisibility?
Cultural invisibility uses societal norms to immerse the viewer into the movie

cinematic invisibility- techniques of film making
Implicit Meaning
internal meaning implied
Explicit Meaning
literal meaning
Shot
uninterrupted run of the camera
-as short or long as the film maker wants
Cut
a direct change from one shot to another --when shot A ends shot B begins
Editing
joining together of discrete shots
-basic creative force of cinema
Close-up
a shot that often shows a part of the body filling up the frame traditionally a face
fade in/ fade out
devices in which a shot fades
-convey a passage of time between scenes
Low Angle Shot
camera below the action
-places observer in a position of inferiority
Cutting on Action
a editing technique that smoothes transition between shots portraying a single action from different camera angles
Protagonist
the primary character who's pursuit of the goal provides the structure foundation of a movies story
Motif
a recurring visual or narrative element imparts meaning or significance
Theme
shared public idea
content
subject of work
form
how subject is expressed
in movies it is part of cinematic language
why do works of art need form and content?
they are interrelated
allows the artist to shape our experience/ interpretation of content
patterns
used to convey a meaning
-we search for patterns- have an affect on viewers experience
How do patterns create meaning by breaking an established pattern?
a break in a pattern is like a plot twist- switches the movie in a different direction
What are the three fundamental principles of film form?
light
an illusion of movement
manipulate space and time
How do movies create an illusion of movement?
Persistence of vision-
human brain retains an image for a fraction of a second longer then the eye records it

phi phenomena
the illusion of movement is created by events that succeed each other rapidly.
How do movies manipulate space?
camera moving seamlessly from one space to another.
How do movies manipulate time?
fragmenting time or moving back & fourth in time
realism
represent things how they actually are
antirealism
opposite of realism- interest for abstract, spectacular or fantastic
verisimilitude
convincing appearance of truth
why is verisimilitude important to them both?
it can convince the viewer that what is going on is really there
What is cinematic language?
The tools by which the subject is expressed and experienced
Persistence of Vision
the process by which the human brain retains an image for a fraction a second longer then the eye records it
Phi Phenomenon
the illusion of movement created by events that succeed each other rapidly
Critical Flicker Fusion
using a single light to flicker so fast the individual pulses of light fuse together to look like continues light.
Parallel Editing
it's a technique that creates different lines of action to appear to be occurring simultaneously.
4 different ways of looking at narrative
("idea of narrative")
1. story
2. type of movie
3. structuring fictional stories
4.broader concept that goes beyond applications
3 basic categories of movies
1. narrative- fiction
2. documentary- non fiction
3.experimental- pushes boundaries of what people think movies should be (avant grade)
What are the four basic approaches to documentary films?
Factual
instructional
persuasive
propaganda
factual film
present people/ culture with entertainment with influencing
instructional
educate about a common interest
persuasive
originally- address an injustice
now- present perspective on social issues
propaganda
produced to convince the viewer on a specific political point or influence the opinions or behavior of the viewer, often by providing subjective content that may be deliberately misleading
What are the six genres explored in your reading?
gangster,
film noir
science fiction
horror
western
musical
gangster
american dream- anyone regardless of how humble of origins can succeed
film nior
mood of pessimism/ fatalism/ menace
came after ww1- exposes americans to war and depressing topics
science fiction
phenomena that are not fully accepted by mainstream science
-extraterrestrial lifeforms, alien worlds, extrasensory perception and time travel, & futuristic elements
horror
fiction intended to
frighten
scare
disgust
startle its viewers by inducing feelings of horror and terror
western
wilderness vs civilization inspired by american history
musical
tells a story with song or dance
How does animation differ from the other three basic types of movies?
different form of movie making- not necessarily a singular type of movie
What are the three basic types of animation?
Hand drawn
stop motion
computer animation
Genre
the characterization of narrative films by form &content
Factual Film
a documentary film that usually presents people places or process a straightforward way meant to entertain and instruct without influencing audiences
Instructional Film
a documentary film concerned with presenting a perspective on social issues and government injustice
Persuasive Film
a documentary film concerned with presenting a perspective on social issues and governmental injustice
Propaganda Film
persuade an audience in an extreme way
3 basic phases of movie making
preproduction
production
postproduction
factors that determine size and crew requirements to film a specific shot
-use of studio/ exterior locations
-day/ night shooting
-uncrowded exterior location or city
preproduction
writing script
finding location
production
filming
postproduction
editing