This war, which lasted from 1641-1649, was the result of Charles I's effort to rule without Parliament and his belief in Divine Right of Kings. It resulted in a Parliamentary victory and the execution of Charles I. Eventually, Parliament invited Charles' son to take the throne in 1660, but Parliament had established its primacy. Because Puritans dominated Parliament, persecution against them in England virtually ceased. Consequently, the immigration of Puritans to the North American colonies virtually ceased as well.