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Chapter 15 - Vocabulary

Classics 2211
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flexion
Bending a limb or joint.
extension
Straightening out a limb or joint.
abduction
Movement away from the midline of the body.
adduction
Movement toward the midline of the body.
rotation
Circular movement around an axis.
supination
Turning the palm forward or up.
pronation
Turning the palm backward or down.
fascia
Fibrous membrane separating and eveloping muscles.
insertion of a muscle
Connection of muscle to a bone that moves.
origin of a muscle
Connection of muscle to a stationary bone.
skeletal (striated) muscle
Voluntary muscle connected to bones.
smooth (visceral) muscle
Involuntary muscle connected to internal organs.
dorsiflexion
Backward (upward) bending of the foot.
plantar flexion
Bending the sole of the foot downward toward the ground.
articulation
Joint.
bursa (plural
bursae):Sac of fluid near a joint.
ligament
Connective tissue binding bones to other bones.
suture joint
Joint in which apposed bones are closely united.
synovial cavity
Space between bones at a synovial joint.
synovial fluid
Fluid within the synovial cavity.
synovial joint
A freely moveable joint.
synovial membrane
Membrane lining the synovial cavity. It produces synovial fluid.
tendon
Connective tissue that binds muscles to bones.