American History I - Unit 6
Reforming American Society
Terms in this set (40)
Work to change society for the better. Focused on improving conditions for the poor, enslaved, imprisoned, women, and disabled.
Second Great Awakening
religious revival in the early to mid 1800s
helped African American churches grow. emphasis on personal salvation, emotional response, and individual faith; women and African Americans; nationalism (Manifest Destiny)
A gathering to "reawaken" religious faith, often held during the Second Great Awakening
Famous and influencial preacher/revivalist who traveled the country and attracted large crowds during the Second Great Awakening
a philosophical and literary movement that emphasized transcending (going beyond) their senses to learn about and connect to the natural world.
Emphasized living a simple life and and celebrated personal emotion and imagination
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Transcendentalist writer from New Englad
Henry David Thoreau
Younger friend of Emerson
lived alone at Walden Pond to practice the transcendentalist ideal.
A nonviolent, public refusal to obey allegedly unjust laws.
"perfect" and ideal communities
did not last more than a few years at a time
a place for the care of the mentally ill.
advocated for mentally ill prisoners to be sent to mental/psychiatric hospitals rather than remain in the general prison population
public education and school reformer
created 1st state school board in Massachusetts
the call to end/ban slavery
the freeing of slaves
William Lloyd Garrison
Radical white abolitionist
founded the newspaper "The Liberator"
an antislavery paper run by William Lloyd Garrison
black abolitionist who called for the immediate emancipation of slaves.
wrote the "Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World."
Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World
written by David Walker, encouraged blacks to rise up and demand freedom instead of waiting for it to come
Leader in the Abolition movement
founded the newspaper "The North Star"
United States abolitionist and feminist who escaped from slavery in 1827 and became a leading advocate of the abolition of slavery and for the rights of women (1797-1883)
A countryside area, away from cities
a city/town area
preacher, led a slave rebellion in Virginia in 1831
Nat Turner's Rebellion
1831 rebellion started by a VA slave who believed he received divine messages telling him the time was right for a rebellion, gathered 80 followers who killed 60 whites, Turner eventually captured and executed. Greatly increased tensions between whites and blacks across the South.
Time period before the Civil War
1835 law passed by Southern congress which made it illegal to talk of abolition or anti-slavery arguments in Congress
cult of domesticity
the traditional idea that a women's place was in the home and her proper activities were housework and child-raising
A campaign to stop the drinking of alcohol because its supporters believed that alcohol was the cause of social problems
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
A prominent advocate of women's rights, Stanton organized the 1848 Seneca Falls Convention with Lucretia Mott
A Quaker and influential abolitionist who worked for women's rights; helped to organize the Seneca Falls Convention.
The Grimke Sisters
sisters who were influencial in the Abolition and women's rights movements
Seneca Falls Convention
Occured at Seneca Falls, NY in 1848
the first women's rights convention in the US
organized by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott
wrote the Declaration of Rights and Sentiments
Declaration of Sentiments
Outlined the desired goals from the Seneca Falls Convention on women's rights
Modeled after the Declaration of Independence
Factory using young, unmarried women laborers; increased efficiency in textiles
the setting of a famous strike for better working conditions in 1836
An organized work stoppage intended to force an employer to worker union demands.
A person who comes into a country from a foreign country to live there.
National Trades' Union
the first national association of trade unions, formed in 1834,
Began to seek better wages, working conditions, and job security - resented bankers and owners
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin, a book about a slave who is treated badly, in 1852. The book persuaded more people, particularly Northerners, to become anti-slavery.
British mechanic that moved to America and in 1791 invented the first American machine for spinning cotton. He is known as "the Father of the Factory System" and he started the idea of child labor in America's factories.
American abolitionist. Born a slave on a Maryland plantation, she escaped to the North in 1849 and became the most renowned conductor on the Underground Railroad, leading more than 300 slaves to freedom.