APWH 38: A World without Borders

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globalization
The trend toward increased cultural and economic connectedness between people, businesses, and organizations throughout the world.
free market
An economic system in which prices and wages are determined by unrestricted competition between businesses, with little government regulation.
Conservative Revolution
Movement in western Europe & the U.S. away from the socialism and towards free market and traditional principles.
Ronald Reagan
Conservative president of the U.S. in the 1980s. On the international stage, most significant for reigniting the Cold War and the attendant damage to the Russian economy.
Margaret Thatcher
Conservative prime minister of Britain in the 1980s. Best known for privatizing major British industries.
European Union
An international organization of European countries formed after World War II to reduce trade barriers and increase cooperation among its members.
NAFTA
A trade agreement between Canada, the United States and Mexico that encourages free trade between these North American countries.
global corporations
Companies that operate as if nations are irrelevant, usually using a small corporate headquarters and diversifying their production across many nations to reduce costs.
Mikhail Gorbachev
Russian statesman whose domestic policy introduced major reforms, ultimately leading to the dissolution of the Soviet state.
poverty
The state of having little or no money and few or no material possessions.
Earth Day
Holiday and international movement intended to celebrate and care for the earth and its resources.
eco-terrorism
Engaging in violent actions with the intention to further earth-friendly causes.
New Age religions
Spiritual practices often loosely based on religions and rites from indigenous/ancient peoples. They generally lack organized structure or set leadership. Increasing due to globalizing influences.
refugees
People who are forced to migrate from their home country and cannot return for fear of persecution because of their race, religion, nationality, membership in a social group, or political opinion.
internally displaced persons
Groups and individuals who flee an area due to conflict or famine but still remain in their country of origin. These populations often live in refugee-like conditions but are harder to assist because they are still under the control of their own nation.
Al-Qaeda
A network of Islamic terrorist organizations, formerly led by Osama bin Laden, that carried out the attacks on the US embassies in Tanzania and Kenya in 1998, the USS Cole in Yemen in 2000, and the World Trade Center and the Pentagon in 2001.
fundamentalism
A religious or political movement based upon literal interpretation of and strict adherence to doctrine. Usually a reaction to perceived doctrinal compromises with modern social and political life.
Arab spring
A series of popular uprisings in the Middle East beginning in late 2011. These were mostly organized via social media and enjoyed varying degrees of success.