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Chapter 9: The Endocrine System

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The thyroid gland is located:
below the Adam's apple.
Prostaglandins are:
lipid hormones manufactured in cell plasm membranes.
Which one of the following is not a sign of diabetes mellitus?
moon face.
Hyposecretion of thyroxine in early childhood leads to:
cretinism.
The element necessary in the diet for proper thyroid function is:
iodine.
The hormone that appears to help regulate our sleep-awake cycles is:
melatonin
Which one of the following is not an anterior pituitary hormone?
antidiuretic hormone.
Which one of the following is not a symptom of Cushing's syndrome?
bronze skin tones
In men, luteinizing hormone is also called:
interstitial cell-stimulating hormone.
Hyposecretion of antidiuretic hormone may lead to:
diabetes insipidus.
Tetany resulting from uncontrolled muscle spasms may indicate a malfunction of the
parathyroid glands.
The placenta produces all of the follow except
luteinizing hormone.
Generalized hyposecretion of all adrenal cortex hormones leads to
Addison's disease.
Which one of the following hormones is not produced by the anterior lobe of the pituitary glad
oxytocin
The secondary sex characteristics brought about by testosterone secretion do not include
development of breasts.
Which of the following is not a function of oxytocin
stimulation of menstruation
The corpus luteum produces
both progesterone and estrogen
The type of endocrine stimulus that involves changing levels of certain blood-borne ions and nutrients is called
humoral stimulus
Glucocorticoids do all of the following except
regulate salt content of the blood
Being lipid soluble, steroids can do all of the following except
catalyze cyclic AMP
Which of the following is not produced by the adrenal cortex
epinephrine
Why one of the following is not typical of the changes that follow the binding of a hormone to its target cells
cellular mutations occur
The pituitary gland is located
within the "Turk's Saddle" of the sphenoid bone
Hormone concentrations in the blood under normal conditions are usually regulated by
negative feedback mechanisms
Which one of the following is not produced by the hypothalamus
thyroid-stimulating hormone
Aldosterone is a
mineralocorticoid
Hypersecretion of GH in adulthood after long bone growth has ended leads to
acromegaly
An enlargement of the thyroid gland resulting form a deficiency of dietary iodine is called
goiter
Which of the following is not a thyroid hormone
parathormone
The cells in the testes that produce testosterone are called
interstitial cells
Which one of the following is not one of the major processes controlled by hormone
body coordination
Insulin is produced by cells of the pancreatic islets called
beta cells
Which one of the following is not true of androgens
they stimulate the corpus luteum
Rising blood levels of aldosterone case the kidney tubules to
reabsorb sodium
The hormone that is antagonistic to calcitonin is
parathormone
Which of the following is not an action of catecholamines
decreased blood pressure
Another name for antidiuretic hormones is
vasopressin
Estrogens do all of the following except
stimulate the growth of facial hair
The enzyme produced by the kidneys when blood pressure drops, stimulating the release of aldosterone, is called
renin
Insulin causes
a decrease in the concentration of blood glucose
Which one of the following hormones exerts its primary effects on the reproductive organs
follicle-stimulating hormone
Tropic hormones
stimulate other endocrine glands to secrete hormones
The hormone responsible for the maturation of WBCs known as T lymphocytes is
thymosin
The hormone that triggers ovulation of an egg form the female ovary is
luteinizing hormone
Insulin has a
hypoglycemic effect.
ADH
antidiuretic hormone
hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland and also by nerve endings in the hypothalamus
when drinking alcohol, it is inhibited by the alcohol, thus causing polyuria