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24 terms

History Vocab Chapters 35 and 36

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Cordell Hull
FDR's secretary of state, who promised reciprocal trade agreeements, especially with Latin America
Benito Mussolini
The lesser partner of the Rome-Berlin Axis who invaded Ethiopia and joined the war against France and Britain
Francisco Franco
Fascist rebel against the Spanish Loyalist government
Wendell Willkie
Dynamic dark horse Rebpublican presidential nominee who attacked FDR only on domestic policy
Joseph Stalin
Russian dictator who first helped Hitler destroy Poland before becoming a victim of Nazi aggression in 1941
Neutrality Acts
A series of laws enacted by Congress in the mid-1930s that attempted to prevent any American involvement in future overseas wars
America First
Leading isolationist group advocating that America focus on continental defense and non-involvement with the European war
Atlantic Charter
U.S.-British agreement of August 1941, with the loss of over a hundred men
Adolf Hitler
Fanatical Fascist leader of Germany whose aggressions forced the United States to abandon its neutrality
Gerald Nye
Instigator of 1934 Senate hearings that castigated World War I munitions manufacturers as "merchants of death"
Charles A. Lindbergh
Leader of "America First" organization and chief spokesman for U.S. isolationism
Winston Churchill
Courageous prime minister who led Britain's lonely resistance to Hitler
Good Neighbor Policy
FDR's repudiation of Theodore Roosevelt's corollary to the Monroe Doctrine, stating his intention to work cooperatively with Latin American nations
Appeasement
Term for the British-French policy of attempting to prevent war by granting German demands
Lend-lease
Controversial 1941 law that made America the "arsenal of democracy" by providing supposedly temporary military material assistance to Britain
Reuben James
U.S. destroyer sunk by German submarines off the coast of Iceland in October 1941, with the loss of over a hundred men
Henry J. Kaiser
Leading American industrialist and shipbuilder during World War II
Douglas MacArthur
Commander of the U.S. Army in the pacific during World War II, who fulfilled his promise to return to the Philipines
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Commander of the Allied military assault against Hitler in North Africa and France
Albert Einstein
German-born physicist who helped persuade Roosevelt to develop the atomic bomb
Chiang Kai-shek
U.S. ally who resisted Japanese advances in China during World War II
Chester W. Nimitz
Commander of the U.S. naval forces in the Pacific and brilliant strategist of the "island hopping" campaign
Thomas Dewey
Republican presidential nominee in 1944 who failed in his effort to deny FDR a fourth term
Hirohito
Japanese emperor who was allowed to stay on his throne, despite unconditional surrender policy