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African Independence Quiz
Terms in this set (25)
5th Pan African Congress
People from all walks of life came together
Gradual transfer of independence happened between....
The Last Nation to earn its independence was...
South Africa (1994)
Most African Nations had gained self-government by...
By____ only 6 African Nations had yet to earn their independence
What Part of Africa was independent all around the same time?
- France lost WW2, couldn't contain power
The First Sub-Saharan Nation became independent in....
1957 (Ghana)---> Role Model for African Nations Independence
Consequences of Independence
Centralization of Power
Leaders made up constitutions that provided for highly centralized presidencies
Split into smaller districts
Regions were often defined by ethnicity, religion
difficult transfer of power
One Party Systems
ban all political parties but your own
easier to control
Two Major Issues at Independence
1) How to create stronge united nations
2) how to improve sustainable/productive economies
Difficulties of unification
- identified differently
- little citizenship engagement
- one-party systems
Consequences of Unification
- centralized Governments
- little public participation
- personality cults
- Corrupt Regims
- Large Refugee Pop.
- Often ran out of money
- Little Long Term Planning
- Neocolonialism (dependency on foreign aid)
- Poor Infrastructure
total value of all good and services produced within the country
Standard of living
GDP is directly related to this
What aspects/parts of Africa were at the top of Economic growth?
Why is sustainability still a problem?
- turn to violence
Euro Nations didn't develop all of the country/ only parts of it
- Ex: Sudan w/ Cotton
Focused on the production of one source
- Roads unstable. hard to communicate between buyers/sellers
Production required skilled labor force
- to produce faster and cheaper
More Economic Challenges to adress
How should African Economic Development been adressed?
- Diversification of economy
---> find new product outside of country
Let people with money start their own private businesses without gov't. involvement
- Africans didn't have the education to do this properly
State Controlled Economy
Working for the good of the government
- Greater control of what is produced
- better follow of production
Combine Elements of private ownership with some state ownership
- ex: South Africa
Consequences of Poorly Developed Economies Today?
----> gov't. cant afford
----> doesn't have enough revenue
----> School isn't compulsory
----> failed to prioritize vocational training
----> LIttle access to basic medical care
----> out of electricity
----> Life expectancy has declined by 15 years
----> Political Corruption
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