IB English Commentary - Literary Techniques
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Terms in this set (51)
refers to the stressed portion of a word. An accent is used to place emphasis on a word.
A description that has a second, usually moral meaning.
is the repetition of initial (at the beginning) CONSONANT sounds (if it's a vowel repetition, you would call it assonance. Assonance includes any repetition of a vowel sound in any part of the word. It usually occurs in the middle of words).
refers to an event from an external content. It is understandable only to those with prior knowledge of the reference in question (as the writer assumes the reader has).
Something that addresses an object or person or idea who is not present as though he/she/it could reply.
The juxtaposition of contrasting words or ideas to create a feeling of balance (e.g Too black for heaven, and yet too white for hell)
The repetition of vowel sounds may also add to euphony.
Poetry referring to either the dawn, a love song or about parting lovers.
A form of poetry in a specific meter meant to be sung. There is always a repeating refrain and it is always narrative in form. See below for more information.
Iambic Pentameter that doesn't rhyme. (Much of Shakespeare's plays for example were written in blank verse.)
A cut or break in a line, could be a comma or a semicolon.
Harsh sounding and generally unpleasant.
The repetition of consonant sounds NOT in the beginning of a word (which would be alliteration). Enforces relation.
Lines follow each other without any type of structural organization except by blocks of meaning.
Poetry with a directly morally teaching purpose.
An apostrophe, simile, metaphor, etc. which is developed throughout a poem.
Language which appeals to each of the five senses.
Sight. The most frequent type.
Aural or auditory imagery
Human sensations, hunger for example.
Dramatic or otherwise, conveying an aspect that is intrinsically unexpected or self-contradictory.
A comparison between two unlike things without using the words "like" or "as".
Words which are written to mimic a sound. (SHAZAM! SPLAT! PLOP!)
A statement which appears to contradict itself but makes sense (usually in an abstract sense).
Animals and inanitimate objects are given human characteristics.
A word whose sound emphasizes its meaning.
Language which is not in meter.
A repeated line, phrase, sentence, etc. which appears throughout a poem.
Poetry written in superfluous language with the intention of being overdramatic.
The process of measuring verse.
The comparison of two subjects using "like" or "as" or something similar
The writer's attitude toward the subject.
Repetition of the same word or words from the beginning of sentences, lines, or phrases.
A poem about poetry
The comparison of two dissimilar things. "Shall I compare thee to a summer's day"
Narrator speaks to himself. The speaker is not the author.
A realization or comprehension of the essence of something.
Two syllable (Disyllabic) rhyme consisting of stressed syllable followed by unstressed
Use of words to create an archaic effect. (Opening scene of Macbeth and the Weird Sisters)
Repetition of succeeding stanzas with small substitutions of changes.
Substitutes the name of one thing with something closely associated with it.
Substitutes a part of one thing to represent the whole, or vice versa.
A reflection of the action/events through nature/weather. (A thunderstorm during the creation of Frankenstein's monster sequence)
The character created by the narrator.
A blending of sensations.
A way of extending the meanings of words beyond the literal.
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