Dystopian Test Review
Information came from dystopian prezi notes ("Creating A Dystopia"), "What is a Noble Savage?", dystopian PPT slides, "Dystopias: Definition and Characteristics," "Dystopian Literature," and worksheet about stability promotion.
Terms in this set (65)
What is a DYSTOPIA?
An imaginary futuristic world in which society lives under the oppression and control of a totalitarian government, a repressive society, a force of technology, or a corrupt business cooperation.
What is a UTOPIA?
Illusion of a perfect society that turns out to be the opposite.
What was one of the earliest dystopian novels ever published?
The Time Machine by HG Wells (1895) or a Sojourn in the City of Amalgamation.
Name two classic dystopian novels written between 1930 and 1980.
Brave new World, Anthem, 1984, Fahrenheit 451, The Running Man, A Clockwork Orange, Logan's Run, V for Vendetta.
Why do you think dystopian literature has been so common throughout history?
Anything in a dystopian world could potentially happen in real life. People enjoy reading about the possibilities in the future and new ideas.
What novel seemingly opened the floodgates for young adult dystopian literature?
The Giver (1993)
Name four young adult dystopian novels published since the year 2000:
Among the Hidden, House of Scorpion, Uglies, The Maze Runner, The Hunger Games, Feed, The City of Ember, The Bar Code Tattoo, The Forest of Hands and Teeth, Divergent, Matched, Delirium.
Why do you think dystopian literature is such a popular trend among today's young adults?
Young adult minds are creative and constantly wonder about the world. These stories are entertaining and satisfy their curiosities. They also appeal to young adults because most of them are told from a teenager perspective, so the struggles that they go through in the novels are relatable.
Summarize two common story elements in most dystopian stories:
Citizens live under harsh control by government, technology, or corporation. The truth is often kept secret. It takes place after an apocalyptic event. No individuality, citizens strictly follow expectations. Dehumanizes citizens, illusion of perfect society. Main character questions society.
What are the two most common ways dystopias are created in stories?
Society adopts a form of government or gives power to corporation/technology/belief in order to solve real problems and create a perfect society. Often times, the system becomes oppressive, unjust, and inhumane. Or, It is created after an apocalyptic event that destroys society and those that live are forced to adopt extreme policies in order to ensure survival. Government/technology/corporation has control after disaster but becomes oppressive.
Why do you think fictional utopias always tend to go horribly wrong and become dystopias?
People can never be controlled, and a perfect society can always go wrong. Perfection can never be achieved. People's minds will forever wonder about the what if's of their societies, which leads to finding out how wrong it actually is.
Why do you think fictional survivors of an apocalypse always seem to end up creating dystopian societies?
The apocalypse changed the way people think; it can cause severe trauma, and people may accept drastic measures of control if they believe it is necessary to prevent it from happening again.
common themes in dystopian literature:
1. The danger of a particular government
2. the importance of knowledge and truth
3. the danger of a particular policy
4. the danger of allowing one group to have too much power
5. the importance of free will and individuality
6. the danger of technology
7. the danger of desensitization
8. the importance of humanity
9. the danger of human nature
Why does the way in which a fictional dystopia was created affect the possible themes of the story?
The themes are often the lessons that are learned after reading a dystopian novel. The reasoning behind each dystopia is different; the way it was destroyed affects the theme that develops.
noble savages were typically depicted with..
dark skin, primitive features, and simplistic societies.
idealization of colonized society may have stemmed partially from...
a sense of guilt and a desire to distinguish tribal cultures as "others" in order to further distance colonists from the colonized.
a noble savage is..
someone from a primitive culture who is supposedly uncorrupted by contact with society.
the concept of a noble savage first arose from..
the Ancient Greeks and Romans.
pinnacle in the 18th century of Pliny and Ovid's glorification of primitive cultures is called..
today's concept of noble savage..
is regarded as myth that is outdated and wrong and racist.
major champion of noble savage concept
Jean Jacques Rousseau
Primitive cultures were viewed as..
inherently good; naturally innocent, truthful, generous, healthy, and wise. lived in harmony with nature and each other.
problems with the Noble Savage myth:
-no basis in reality
-many primitive cultures still have brutality, war, lying, over exploitation of resources, and selfishness.
(arose during European Romantic Movement) because God is revealed in nature, people who live in the wilderness are closer to god; they live purer lives.
-idealized stereotype of indigenous people as found throughout the world.
-coined in 18th century by Jean Jacques Rousseau
-represented a natural man, individual in an initial purer state, uncorrupted by contact with the complexities and compromises of society, living in nature according to nature's own rhythm and patterns
- exaltation of the character in wilderness settings
-an exaggeration of physical prowess
- a simplistic interpretation of the indigenous world view
- an assignment of lofty virtues and innocence to the common man
roots of the concept of a noble savage can be found in...
1. histories and chronicles of the European explorers 2. Romantic philosophies.
4 options European colonists faced in dealing with the Indian problem:
intermarriage, social integration, segregation, and genocide.
elements of a dystopian society
-a totalitarian government
-propaganda used to control the citizens of society
-information, independent thought, and freedom are restricted
-figurehead or concept is worshipped by the citizens of the society
-citizens are perceived to be under constant surveillance
-citizens have a fear of the outside world
-citizens live in a dehumanized state
-natural world is banished and distrusted
-citizens conform to uniform expectations
-individuality is bad
-the society is an illusion of a perfect utopian world.
the opposite of utopia, which means perfect society
an imperfect society
characteristics of a dystopian protagonist
-often feels trapped and is struggling to escape
-questions the existing social and political systems
-believes or feels that something is terribly wrong with the society in which he or she lives
-helps the audience recognize the negative aspects of the dystopian world through his or her perspective.
one or more large corporations control society through products, advertising, and/or media. examples include minority report and running man.
society is controlled by a mindless bureaucracy through a tangle of red tape, relentless regulations, and incompetent government officials. examples in film include Brazil.
society is controlled by technology-through computers, robots, and /or scientific means. examples include the matrix, the terminator, and i, robot.
society is controlled by philosophical or religious ideology often enforced through a dictatorship or theocratic government.
a place , state, or condition that is ideally perfect in respect of politics, laws, customs, and conditions.
no place, ultimate perfect society
technology and its ability to manipulate
hypnopaedia and the Voice conditioning
control vs emotion
soma, family/relationship is completely gone
religion vs technology
ford as the god, bokanovsky's process, savage reservation vs solidarity service
free will vs stability
books, flowers, caste system, hypnopaedia, everyone belongs to everyone else, no choice. basically truth vs happiness
fantasy vs reality
feelies, soma holidays vs John's view of the world-state
science vs technology
decantment and conditioning, bokanovsky's process, podsnap's technique
corruptive nature of power
world controlled, powerful and decide everything; Bernard's popularity,
cataclysmic writers were..
authors to approach literature with a completely pessimistic outlook for the future. they share a fear or distaste for rapid pace of change and become defensive. apocalyptic ends in hands of people with technology. "world could not get better, only worse."
dystopian author tone
warning and predicting and foreshadowing that if society does not change, one possible result will be the destruction of humanity, the death of freedom, or other cultural downfall.
Unlike the literature of the Cataclysmiscs, in dystopian writing, the world itself does not end; rather...
life as a free entity ceases to exist.
Claude Bernard-French physiologist, experimented a liver and how liver connects with body and discovers how alcohol affects blood. (relates to Bernard's accidental alcohol in blood surrogate)
Karl Marx-wrote communist manifesto, supports socialism where everyone is equal and government provides everything to people. (relates to government provides everything for the people in BNW)
Mustapha Ataturk- Turkish military leader; first president of Republic of Turkey "father Turk" (relates to Mustapha Mond being leader and one of the founders)
Sir Alfred Mond- died 1930, German Jewish politician, supported labor reforming, healthcare, and profit sharing (relates to labor reform in novel was caste systems)
Henry Ford- mass production and assembly line (relates to Bokanovsky's process)
William Foster- trade union leader (skill set) secretary of communist part of the US; staunch (hardcore and loyal) supporter of Stalin, who killed 7 million Ukraine (relates
Hermin Von Helmholtz- scientist invented ophthalmoscope, could be used to see eye (relates to Huxley being blind, hypnopaedia used to blind people)
Dr. John Watson- focused on behaviorism on children; he said he could condition children (relates b/c there was conditioning of children in the book)
Vladmir Lenin- horrid man, red terror leader; boiled people, cruel and torturous
Crowne- JAB AT MONARCHY
-John Crowne- playwright about heroic romances (relates bc NO LOVE IN NOVEL)
John the Savage
this dude read shakespeare , who was a playwright. John Crowne was a playwright who wrote romances.
John the Baptist- spread the good news, introduce the world to the light; was beheaded. (relates bc the character went to the light house and was hanged to death)
Herbert Hoover- president during the great depression, stock market crashed, people hated hi bc everything fell apart (irony is in that everything crashed)
Benito Mussolini- Italian leader of Fascist party, extreme dictator. kept his people controlled with force, fear, and propaganda. (people knew what he allowed them to know, wanted to be a world controller)
Napoleon Bonaparte- military leader that wanted to control the world. After he finished term he was EXILED TO THE ISLANDS.
Charles Darwin- evolution, origin of humanity
studied population in BNW, population was controlled by Bokanovsky's process
French, studied how to run government more efficiently.
BNW comes from which play and which quote?
the Tempest, "O, brave new world that has such people in it"
circle of 12 boy-girl-boy-girl pattern chanting, drink soma (red)-communion, drum music, the Voice came over the intercom, lighting was a "crimson glow." had a "we are one" orgy porgy. it is like a religion but with reverence and faith not included. REGULARLY REPEATED TO OBLITERATE INDIVIDUALITY; wanted all to love Ford as a god. All community in a circle.
ritual whipping in a circle, chanting, drum beat caused Lenina to think about the orgy-porgy, whipping was sacrifice of one for community. There WAS individuality. reason: coming-of-age, there is pain and emotions. sacrifice to please gods and for crop yield and rain. all community in a circle EXCEPT ONE IS IN CENTER.
happiness, stability, instant gratification, religion
bokanovsky's process symbolizes
uniformity and cloning
solidarity service symbolizes
savage reservation symbolizes
light house symbolizes
savage world escape from society, freedom
reality, feelings and emotions