25 terms

Persian Empire

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accomplishments of Cyrus the Great
He did not believe in slavery and treated the people of his empire fairly. He was tolerant and allowed the people he conquered to keep their religions. For example, he freed the Jews. He borrowed ideas from other regions and made them better. He had a strong military.
Ahura Mazda
God of Zoroastrianism
Battle of Marathon
the first of Darius I's invasion of Greece; Greek victory over the Persian army that ended the First Persian War
Battle of Salamis
480 B.C.E. The battle that ended the Persian war. The Greek fleet, although vastly outnumbered, defeated the Persian fleet. This helped end the Persian war, freeing Greece.
Battle of Thermopylae
Battle during the Persian wars in which Spartan troops fought to the death against a much larger Persian force
Cambyses
the son of King Cyrus, he became king when Cyrus died in 530 B.C.E.; he added Egypt to the empire
cultural pluralism
policy that allows each group within society to participate fully in the dominant society yet maintain their own social differences
Cyrus the Great
the first king of Persia (559 B.C.E.) and founder of the Persian empire; he practiced tolerance; he saw himself as a liberator and not a conqueror;
Darius I
king of the Persian empire after Cambyses died; the empire reached as far as the Indus River valley; he built the Royal Road, the Darius Canal, and the city of Persepolis
Persepolis
a city built by Darius I, it was a major engineering challenge. It became a monument to Persian power.
Persian empire
A major empire around 550 to 330 B.C.E. that stretched from Egypt to India
Royal Road
a road in the Persian empire stretching over 1,600 miles; it connected the empire and helped with communication and transportation
satrapies
provinces (states) of the Persian empire; Darius divided the empire into 20 of these (states)
satraps
governors (leaders) of the provinces (states) in the Persian Empire
tolerance
a willingness to accept feelings, habits, or beliefs that are different from your own
tribute
payment to show respect or allegiance
underground irrigation system
the engineering advancement developed by the Persians that allowed them to build an empire; they found a source of water from rocks; they used these systems to create beautiful gardens in the deserts of Persia (modern-day Iran)
Xerxes
the son of Darius, he became king of Persia; his armies invaded Greece but were defeated by the Greeks (Persian War 2)
Zoraster
Founder of Zoroastrianism
Zorastrianism
A monotheistic religion in ancient Persia founded by Zoroaster in the 6th century B.C.E.
Iran
Red Sea
Syria
Turkey
Greece

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