tfm 160 quiz 1

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Terms in this set (...)

cinematic language
the accepted systems, methods, or customs by which movies communicate with the viewer
editing
joining together of discrete shots
cut
a direct change from one shot to another as a result of cutting: the point where shot A ends and shot B begins
close-up
a shot that often shows a part of the body filling up the frame- traditionally a face
implicit meaning
an association or connection that a viewer makes based on the given meaning conveyed by the story and form of a film
explicit meaning
everything that a movie presents on its surface
formal analysis
film analysis that examines how a scene or sequence uses formal element-narrative, cinematography, editing, sounds and so on to convey the story, mood, and meaning
fade in/out
transitional devices in which a shot fades
cutting on action
a continuity technique that smoothes the transition between shots portraying a single action from different camera angles
low angle shot
a shot that is made with the camera below the action, places the observer in a position of inferiority
protagonist
the primary character who's pursuit go the goal provides the structural foundation of a movies story
motif
a reoccurring visual, or narrative element that imparts meaning or significance
theme
a shared public idea such as a metaphor or myth
critical flicker fusion
a phenomenon that occurs when a single light flickers on and off with such speed that the individual pulses of light fuse together to give the illusion of continuous light
antirealism
a treatment that is against or the opposite of realism. they however are not strict polarities
persistence of vision
the process by which the human brain retains an image for a fraction of a second longer than the eye records it
phi phenomenon
the illusion of movement created by events that succeed each other rapidly, as when two adjacent lights flash on and off alternatively and we seem to see a single light shifting back and forth. makes movies seem continuous
parallel editing
the intercutting of two or more lines of action that occur simultaneously; often in chase and rescue scenes
verisimilitude
a convincing appearance of truth
content
the subject of the artwork ( what it is about)
form
the means by which that subject is expressed and experienced
patterns
the more that patterns meet our expectations, or contradict them in interesting ways, the more we are likely to enjoy and analyze the work
three fundamentals of film form
1. movies depend on light 2. movies provide an illusion of movement 3. movies manipulate space and time in unique ways
how do movies create an illusion of movement?
persistence of vision and the phi phenomena
key to manipulating our sense of space is
the motion-picture camera, esp the lens
manipulate time through
parallel action, freeze-frame and chronology
genre
the categorization of narrative films by form, content, or both. ex: musicals, comedy, biography, western and so on
factual film
a documentary film that usually presents people places or processes in a straightforward way meant to entertain and instruct without unduly influencing audiences
instructional film
a documentary film that seeks to educate them with particular ideas
persuasive film
a documentary film concerned with presenting a aprticleue perspective on social issues and governmental injustice
propaganda film
a documentary film that systematically disseminates deceptive or distorted information
four different ways to look at narrative
a narrative is a story, a type of movie, a way of structuring fictional stories presented in narrative films and is a broader concept that both includes and goes beyond any of these applications
three categories of movies
narrative, documentary, and experimental
four approaches to documentary
factual films, instructional films, persuasive films, and propaganda films
gangster genre
rooted in the concept of the american dream. rags-to-riches-to-destruction. most protagonists are killers
film noir
came after WWII, exposes americans to the horrors of war, and depressing topics
westerns
demonstrate wilderness vs civilization inspired by american history
types of animation
hand-drawn, stop-motion animation, and computer animation (3d animation)