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75 terms

Chapter 3, Multiple Choice

Medical Terminology: A Living Language, 4/e
Which is NOT an accessory organ to the skin?
a. sensory receptor
b. hair
c. nail
d. sweatgland
Which is the most superficial layer of skin?
a. subcutaneious layer
b. epidermis
c. dermis
d. corium
Which is NOT a function of the skin?
a. temperature regulation
b. protection agains pathogens
c. absorb nutrients
d. housing sensory receptors
Which of the following statements regarding the epidermis is not true?
a. It is composed of stratified squamous epithelium
b. The deepest layer is the basal layer
c. As skin cells die they become filled with a hard protein called keratin
d. Melanocytes give skin its pink color
Which of the following pairs is NOT correctly matched?
a. epidermis-thin outer membrane layer
b. melanin-gives skin its color
c. keratin-intermost layer, containing fatty tissue
d. dermis-fibrous connective tissue layer
Which of the following statements regarding melanin is NOT true?
a. causes the formation of wrinkles
b. gives skin its color
c. protects agains ultraviolet rays
d. protects agains skin cancer
Which of the following statements regarding the dermis is NOT true?
a. The dermis is also called the corium
b. The dermis is composed of fibrous connective tissue
c. The dermis contains a large amount of adipose tissue
d. The dermis houses sensory receptors
Which of the following statements regarding the dermis is NOT true?
a. The dermis has a good blood supply
b. The dermis is between the hypodermis and subcutaneous layer
c. The term dermis means true skin
d. The dermis houses sweat glands
Which of the following structures is NOT housed in the dermis?
a. nails
b. hair follicles
c. sebaceous glands
d. nerve fibers
Which of the following statements regarding the subcutaneous layer is NOT true?
a. This layer is also called the hypodermis
b. This layer is composed primarily of lipocytes
c. This layer acts as an insulation against cold
d. This layer houses sensory receptors
Hair fibers are composed of:
a. melanin
b. keratin
c. collagen
d. lipocytes
You would find collagen fibers in which layer of skin?
a. epidermis
b. dermis
c. subcutaneous layer
d. all layers
Hair grows towards the surface within the:
a. hair shaft
b. hair root
c. hair follicle
d. hair cuticle
Which glands are associated with hair follicles?
a. sebaceous glands
b. fat glands
c. sweat glands
d. apocrine glands
Which of the following pairs is not matched correctly?
a. hair-composed of keratin
b. nails-grow longer from the root
c. sweat glands-secrete sebum to cool the skin
d. sebaceous glands-secrete into hair follicle
Nails are connected to the tissue underneath by the:
a. nail body
b. nail bed
c. nail root
d. cuticle
The ______is a portion of the nail that is clipped when it grows too long.
a. nail root
b. cuticle
c. free edge
d. nail bed
Which of the following statements regarding sebaceous glands is NOT true?
a. These glands are found in the dermis
b. These glands secrete oil into a duct
c. These glands secrete less oil as we age
d. These glands play a role in adolescent acne
Which of the following statements regarding sweat glands is NOT true?
a. These glands secrete sweat into a duct
b. Sweat contains a small amount of waste products
c. Perspiration cools the body
d. These glands play a role in adolescent acne
Where are apocrine sweat glands located?
a. underarm area
b. palms and soles
c. around the lips
d. arms and legs
Which term means pertaining to within the skin?
a. epidermal
b. hypodermal
c. intradermal
d. interdermal
Which term specifically means abnormal condition of the skin?
a. dermatopathy
b. dermatosis
c. dermatoplasty
d. dermatitis
Which term means abnormal condition of excessive sweat?
a. hyperhidrosis
b. ahidrosis
c. anhidrosis
d. hypohidrosis
Which term means fatty growth?
a. lipectomy
b. adiposis
c. adipopathy
d. lipoma
Which term means softening of the nails?
a. onychomycosis
b. onychomalacia
c. onychosclerosis
d. onychostenosis
Which term means surgical removal of wrinkles?
a. rhytidotomy
b. rhytidoplasty
c. rhytidectomy
d. rhytidostomy
Which term is misspelled?
a. onychomycosis
b. rhytidoplasty
c. hyperhydrosis
d. subcutaneous
Which term is misspelled?
a. dermatologist
b. melenocyte
c. lipectomy
d. ungula
Which term is misspelled?
a. luekoderma
b. erythroderma
c. scleroderma
d. xeroderma
Which term means hard skin?
a. erythroderma
b. xeroderma
c. ichthyoderma
d. scleroderma
Which term means red skin?
a. cyanoderma
b. erythroderma
c. melanoderma
d. leukoderma
Which term means a scraping away of the skin surface by friction?
a. cicatrix
b. contusion
c. abrasion
d. keratosis
The term for a regular scar (not hypertrophic) is:
a. cicatrix
b. eschar
c. comedo
d. keloid
The term for profuse sweating is:
a. anhidrosis
b. contusion
c. diaphoresis
d. keratosis
The term for excessive hair growth over the body is:
a. hyperemia
b. nevus
c. hyperhidrosis
d. hirsutism
Which term does NOT refer to an abnormal skin color?
a. cyanosis
b. erythema
c. pallor
d. keratosis
Which term refers to the bruise caused by blunt trauma to the skin?
a. ecchymosis
b. petechiae
c. vitiligo
d. purpura
A pigmented skin blemish, birthmark or mole is called a:
a. keloid
b. nevus
c. ecchymosis
d. eschar
Which condition is also called hives?
a. purulent
b. pruritus
c. urticaria
d. verruca
Which condition is commonly called warts?
a. nevus
b. keratosis
c. purpura
d. verruca
Which surface lesion is a torn or jagged wound?
a. laceration
b. macule
c. fissure
d. ulcer
Which surface lesion is a flat, discolored area that is flush with the skin surface?
a. papule
b. wheal
c. macule
d. vesicle
Which surface lesion is a small, round, swollen area, typically an allergic reaction?
a. vesicle
b. wheal
c. pusule
d. papule
Which surface lesion is a small, solid, circular, raised spot?
a. papule
b. pustule
c. cyst
d. macule
Which surface lesion is a blister?
a. pustule
b. vesicle
c. papule
d. wheal
Which of the following lesions does NOT have pus?
a. pustule
b. abcess
c. furuncle
d. papule
Acne _____is the common form of acne seen in teenagers.
a. rosacea
b. verruca
c. vulgaris
d. impetigo
This condition is frequently called a bedsore or pressure sore.
a. decubitus ulcer
b. cellulitis
c. ichthyosis
d. gangrene
Which of the following is a genetic condition in which the body is unable to make melanin?
a. carbuncle
b. vitiligo
c. eczema
d. albinism
Which cancerous lesion is frequently seen in immunodeficient patients?
a. malignant melanoma
b. Kaposi's sacrcoma
c. basal cell carcinoma
d. squamous cell carcinoma
Which of the following conditions is a lice infestation?
a. scabies
b. ichthyosis
c. pediculosis
d. varicella
This infection is commonly called chicken-pox.
a. varicella
b. rubella
c. vitiligo
d. tinea
This ischemic condition has developed a secondary pus-producing infection.
a. psoriasis
b. wet gangrene
c. furuncle
d. dry gangrene
This condition is commonly called athlete's foot.
a. rubella
b. tinea capitis
c. scabies
d. tinea pedis
Which term means baldness?
a. onychia
b. impetigo
c. alopecia
d. vitiligo
Which of the following conditions is caused by a mite infestation?
a. pediculosis
b. wheal
c. impetigo
d. scabies
An infection of the skin fold around the nail is called:
a. paronychia
b. onychia
c. onychophagia
d. perionychitis
Which diagnostic procedure examines a piece of tissue under a microscope?
a. cytology
b. curettage
c. biopsy
d. debridement
A culture and sensitivity will detect:
a. cancer
b. a bacterial infection
c. a viral infection
d. a lice infection
In exfoliative cytology the cells for examination are obtained by:
a. incision
b. syringe
c. needle
d. scraping
Which of the following diagnostic procedures gives a rapid examination of a tissue sample?
a. frozen section
b. cryosurgery
c. fungal scraping
d. exfoliative cytology
Which skin graft procedure uses skin from another species?
a. allograft
b. heterograft
c. xenograft
d. autograft
B or C
Which surgical procedure is the removal of dead or damaged tissue from a wound?
a. debridement
b. electrocautery
c. cauterization
d. cryosurgery
Which surgical procedure is used to remove acne scars and tattoos?
a. cauterization
b. dermabrasion
c. electrolysis
d. dermatoplasty
Which procedure is commonly referred to as a chemical peel?
a. cutterage
b. liposuction
c. dermabrasion
d. chemabrasion
Which surgical procedure removes superficial skin lesions with scraping?
a. cutterage
b. cryosurgery
c. debridement
d. placation
Which procedure removes fat from under the skin?
a. dermabrasion
b. laser therapy
c. electrolysis
d. liposuction
Which medication is used to deaden pain?
a. anesthetic
b. antipruritic
c. corticosteroid
d. antiseptic
Which medication is used to reduce inflammation?
a. antipruritic
b. antibiotic
c. antiseptic
d. corticosteroid
Which medication is used to kill mites or lice?
a. antibiotic
b. antifungal
c. antiparasitic
d. antipruritic
Which abbreviation is a surgical procedure?
a. I&D
b. ID
c. MM
d. ung
Which abbreviation stands for a cancerous tumor?
a. UV
b. MM
c. ID
d. SLE
Which abbreviation is NOT a diagnostic test?
a. Bx
b. FS
c. C&S
d. SG
Which surgical procedure uses cold?
a. cryosurgery
b. curettage
c. debridement
d. placation
Which lesion is a fluid-filled sac under the skin?
a. nodule
b. wheal
c. cyst
d. papule