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Romans Final

Terms in this set (85)

Naturalist, part of the "silver age of Latin literature" during the 1st Century CE and the time of the 2nd Sophistic. Pliny wrote hundreds of letters, many of which still survive. They are regarded as a historical source for the time period. Famous for his correspondence with Trajan regarding the persecution of Christianity and early Christians. Trajan tries to restrain Pliny's persecution. Problem of understanding Christianity origins is that history is written by the victors. In the early days, there was a lot of dispute over what the religion should be. One party came out as the winners, and they wrote it as a linear progression. Different with Pliny. Also, significance of Christian persecution. From a small community of believers in Palestine, it enjoyed massive growth as it spread north to Caesaria, Antioch (Christianity as a term first used), then to the eastern and then western Roman empire. By the 60s, there are Christian communities in Rome and North Africa, and Spain. The growth came in spurts. By 300, as much as a 1/3 of the Roman Empire was Christian, making it the largest cult of the Roman empire. From early times, it was highly controversial. Roman authorities typically took little notice towards cults, but their attitude was different towards Christianity. Viewed as an atheistic cult. To those in the ancient world, monotheism is problematic. Christianity views Roman gods as either nonexistent or evil demons. Its very exclusivity aroused deep opposition and anger.
From the perspective of the authorities, they were either hostile or of questionable loyalty to the empire.