22 terms

US History Chapter 4 Vocabulary

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

legislature
part of a government that makes laws
bill of rights
written list of freedoms that a government promises to protect
habeas corpus
the right not to be held in prison without first being with a specif crime; constitutional protection against unlawful imprisonment
freedom of the press
right of newspapers and other public media to publish articles believed to be accurate
libel
publishing o false statements that unjustly damage a person's reputation
extended family
close-knit family group that includes parents, children, grand parents, aunts, uncles, and cousins
apprentice
person who learns a trade or craft from a master
gentry
upper class of colonial society
middle class
a portion of the colonial population that included small planters, independent farmers, and skilled craftsmen
independent servant
person who signs a contract to work for a set amount of years in exchange for ocean passage to the colonies
triangular trade
three-way colonial trade route between the colonies; the islands of the Caribbean, and Africa
racism
belief that one race is superior or inferior to another
slave codes
laws that controlled enslaved African American's lives and denied the basic rights
public school
school supported by taxes
dame school
school run by a woman, usually in her own home
Anne Bradstreet
the first colonial poet
Phillis Wheatley
an enslaved African in Boston
Benjamin Franklin
a writer who started a newspaper and founded a library and fire department
Jonathan Edward
Massachusetts preacher who called on people to examine their lives and commit themselves to God
natural rights
rights that belong to every human being
divine rights
beliefs that a ruler's authority comes directly from God
separation of powers
principle by which the powers of government are divided among separate branches