Vietnam War Test Review
Shen's test for 5/7/13
Terms in this set (37)
Ho Chi Minh
Communist leader of North Vietnam; he and his Viet Minh/Viet Cong allies fought French and American forces to a standstill in Vietnam, 1946-1973. Considered a nationalist by many, others viewed him as an agent of the Soviet Union and China.
Democratic Republic of Vietnam
Northern communist half of Vietnam
Ngo Dinh Diem
American ally in South Vietnam from 1954 to 1963; his repressive regime caused the Communist Viet Cong to thrive in the South and required increasing American military aid to stop a Communist takeover. he was killed in a coup in 1963.
Communist-dominated Vietnamese nationalist movement; operated out of base in southern China during WW II; employed guerilla tactics similar to Maoists in China.
A communist-led army and guerrilla force in South Vietnam that fought its government and was supported by North Vietnam.
A hit-and-run technique used in fighting a war; fighting by small bands of warriors using tactics such as sudden ambushes.
The idea that if a nation falls under communist control, nearby nations will also fall under communist control.
The line of latitude that separated North and South Vietnam.
Truce signed at Geneva in 1954 by french and Viet Minh reps, dividing Vietnam along the 17th parallel into communist north and non comunist south.
A noncombat specialist who trains and equips another nations soldiers.
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
1964 Congressional resolution authorizing President Johnson to take military action in Vietnam.
A law requiring people of a certain age to serve in the military.
Official postponement of one's call to serve; college students could receive this during the draft and usually did not have to go to Vietnam.
A person who refuses to enter the military or bear arms due to moral or religious reasons.
1968; national liberation front and north vietnamese forces launched a huge attack on the vietnamese new year (tet), which was defeated after a month of fighting and many thousands of casualties; major defeat for communism, but americans reacted sharply, with declining approval of lbj and more anti-war sentiment.
Agent Orange/ Napalm
Two new weapons used in Vietnam that had lasting effects on human beings.
A massacre of hundreds of unarmed Vietnamese civilians by American soldiers during the Vietnam War.
Lt. William L. Calley
US army officer found guilty of ordering My Lai Massacre.
Student for a Democratic Society
Organization founded in 1959 declaring that young people were tired of older political movements, even older radical ones; formed the core of a self-conscious "New Left" movement, which rejected the Old Left's ideologies of economic justice in favor of an ideology of social justice.
The cultural seperation between children and their parents.
Port Huron Statement
The SDS's declaration of purposes and goals to regulate the organization, mainly written by Tom Hayden, a student at the University of Michigan, in 1962. This document is considered one of the best summations of reasoning behind student-led movements across the country, both in reasoning and actions.
Coalition of younger members of the Democratic party and radical student groups. Believed in participatory democracy, free speech, civil rights and racial brotherhood, and opposed the war in Vietnam.
University of California at Berkeley
Where Mario Savio started the Free Speech Movement, condemning the impersonal university "machine" that cared more about money than people.
Free Speech Movement
Led by Berkley college students who were fighting the restriction of free speech
University students and teachers who taught classes on the Vietnam war and protested against its expansion.
Columbia University protest
Student protest in 1968 b/c school was building a new athletic center in harlem and displacing poorer residents, students seized control of president's office and refused to attend classes.
3 day rock concert in upstate N.Y. August 1969, exemplified the counterculture of the late 1960s
1968 Democratic National Convention
A significant event in presidential election of 1968; demonstrated the confusion and lack of unity among Democrats; outside, protests and police brutality.
Democratic presidential candidate in 1968, lost narrowly to Nixon in an election bid hurt by support for the Vietnam War and by third-party candidate George Wallace
Mexico and Central America
Label Nixon gave to middle-class Americans who supported him, obeyed the laws, and wanted "peace with honor" in Vietnam, he contrasted this group with students and civil rights activists who disrupted the country with protests in the late 1960s and early 1970s
Vice President under Eisenhower and 37th President of the United States.
President Richard Nixons strategy for ending U.S involvement in the vietnam war, involving a gradual withdrawl of American troops and replacement of them with South Vietnamese forces.
Group that branched off of the SDS; advocated terrorism in the US to stop another Vietnam from happening; name came from Bob Dylan lyrics "don't need a weatherman to know which way the wind blows"; dwindle away after 4 of them die in an explosion in Greenwich Village
Kent State and Jackson State
Two universities where police killed protesters against the Vietnam War.
Secret government documents published In 1971; revealed that the u.s. government had misled Americans about the Vietnam war.
War Powers Act
Act that grants emergency executive powers to president to run war effort