Terms in this set (54)
regular maps, shows cities mountains, etc.
the science of making maps
system used to transfer locations from earth surface to a flat map
there are 4 majors. (Mountain, Central, Eastern, and Pacific) based on greenwhich, england because england was the most powerful country at the time. new time zone every 15 degrees longitude. One degree longitude is 69 miles so there is a new time zone every 1035 miles. east is forwards in time west is backwards.
greenwhich mean time
the time in that time zone encompassing the prime meridian, or 0 degrees longitude.
international date line
The date will different in two different countries
quantifiable stats of a particular country such as life expectancy, GDP, etc.
visible imprint of human activity and culture on the landscape. The layers of buildings, forms, and artifacts etc.
the process of asking why and how specific events or situations occur in certain places.
the physical character of a place
the location of a place relative to other places (relative location)
relationships among people and objects across the barrier of space
an internal representation of somewhere on earth a person has never been but is built off of knowledge of the place
5 themes (location)
where something is at (absolute: exact or relative: near)
5 themes (place)
characteristics of a location
5 themes (HEI)
how humans depend, modify, and adapt to their environment
5 themes (movement)
how ideas, people, and goods move across the surface of the planet
5 themes (region)
grouping areas of the world together to better understand it
shared cultural or physical trait
defined by a particular set of activities
in peoples mind
computer system that stores, organizes, analyzes, and displays geographic data
system that determines the precise position of something on earth through satellites tracking stations and receivers
the acquisition of data about earths surface from a satellite orbiting the planet or other long distance methods
the ration between distance on a map and actual distance on the earths surface
more general term that applies to the conceptual hierarchy of spaces, from large to small, like we see in the real world. (ie. neighborhood, city, county, state)
the relationship between the portion of earth being studied and earth as a whole, specifically the relationship between the size of an object on a map and the size of the actual feature on earth
shows a large area, small detail
shows a small area, large detail
actions or processes that involve and entire world and result in making something worldwide in scope
maps highlighting a particular feature or a single variable such as temperature, city, size, etc.
shows lines that connect points of equal value
shows the level of some variable within predefined regions, such as counties, states, or countries
a single dot represents the occurrence of some phenomenon in order to depict variation in density in a given area
the distribution of one phenomenon that is related to another. (reason two things are places where they are if they're related they will probably be close)
the arrangement of phenomenon across the Earths surface
the frequency with which something exists within a given unit of area. Density does not tell you where something is, just strictly numbers.
the spread of something over a given area. tells you where something is. it can be clustered or dispersed
the geometric or regular arrangement of something in a study area
where something originates
the spreading of a feature or trend from one place to another over time
the spread of a feature or trend through physical movement of people from one place to another. Does not have to grow in numbers. (ie. AIDS)
-an example could be when a fashion trend sparks up in a place like Paris, it will quickly spread to largely populated cities such as London, or Tokyo.
the spread of a feature or trend among people from one area to another in a snowballing process. involves growing numbers.
the spread of a feature or trend from one key person or node of authority to other people or places.
-An example of this would be architecture. This is because it may start in a certain area of the world, then someone from that country moves and builds that same style in another area which spreads through the rest of that area and so on and so forth.
the rapid, widespread diffusion of a feature or trend throughout a population
-Ideas that are spread through contagious diffusion are spread throughout the population like the flu. would.
the spread of something where the idea is accepted but a certain characteristic is rejected.
-For example, Islam has spread throughout the world, yet stayed strong in the Middle East, where it was founded.
the diminishing importance and eventual disappearance of a phenomenon with increasing distance from its origin
the reduction in the time it takes to diffuse something to a distant place, as a result of improved communications and transportation systems
19th and early 20th century idea that basically geography is the study of how the physical environment is caused by human activities.
the theory that the physical environment may set limits on human actions, but people have the ability to adjust to the physical environment and choose a course of action from many alternatives.
the multiple interactions and relationships between a culture and the natural environment
the notion that successive societies leave their cultural imprints on a place, each contributing to the cumulative cultural landscape.
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