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45 terms

Anthropology 100

STUDY
PLAY
Horticulture
domesticated plant production
Enculturaltion
learning culture from own people
Ethnocentrism
belief that own culture is better than other's culture
Polygamy
multiple partners
polyandry
woman with multiple husbands
polygyny
man with multiple wives
Patrilineal Descent
kinship through father's family
Matrilineal Descent
kinship through mother's family
Rites of Passage
ritual marking a social status of a person
anthropology
study of human culture
cultural anthropology
unique factors make up a particular culture
linguistic anthropology
languages and communication in a culture
biological/physical anthropology
human body and physiology
archeology
studying the planet from items left by the past
holistic approach
interest in all aspects of all cultures
theme 1
culture impacts human behavior
theme 2
culture is an integrated system
Theme 3
cultures are adaptive systems
intangible
not defined
passed on through symbols
speech and writing
selectively borrowed
taking aspects from other countries
cultural relativism
the belief that all cultures are equally important
acculturation
learning culture of others either forcefully or by choice
assimilation
absorption of other cultures
culture
set of ideas about how groups set up their lives
society
way in which cultural ideas are played out
pluralistic/multicultural societies
many different ethnic groups coexisting
emic
native person's viewpoint
etic
observer's viewpoint
culture shock
person experiencing a setting in which practices are radically different from their own
reverse shock
upon returning to own culture discovering oddities
ethical considerations
attention to cause and effect of cultural change
ethos
core cultural ideas or values
1st stage of rite of passage
seperation
2nd stage of rite of passage
transition
3rd stage of rite of passage
reincorportaion
foraging
hunting and gathering for food
pastoralism
raising herds of animals for food and clothing
agriculture
domesticated plant production using modern tools
industrialism
mechanical and chemical technology
culture-ecology
restraints environment put on groups and their reactions to the restraints
Father of AMERICAN Anthropology
Franz Boas
Bronislaw Malinowski's famous study
Trobriand Islanders
Father of Anthropology
Edward Tylor
first anthropologists
armchair scholars